What Happened to India's Mars Mission?

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mission Mangalyaan is the first interplanetary space mission of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was successfully launched on 5th November 2013. The space probe of this mission has been orbiting the Mars since 24th September 2014. Some of the highlights of this successful mission was

  1. ISRO is the 4th space agency to reach the orbit of Mars after Roscosmos, NASA, European Space Agency (ESA).
  2. India is the first nation to reach the orbit of Mars on the very first attempt.
  3. India is the first Asian country to reach the orbit of Mars.

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Which was the Launch Vehicle used for Mars Orbiter Mission?

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was launched using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV XL – C25) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh. It took 298 days for the Mars probe to reach the orbit of Mars. The probe is being tracked from ISRO centres located in Bangalore.

What were the Objectives of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)?

The primary objective was to develop the necessary technologies for interplanetary space missions. The other objectives were

  1. Explore the surface features of Mars planet.
  2. Morphology
  3. Mineralogy
  4. Atmosphere of Mars.

What were the Scientific Instruments Carried on the MOM mission?

Payload in the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was made of 5 scientific instruments.

  1. LAP (Lyman-Alpha Photometer)
  2. MSM (Methane Sensor for Mars)
  3. MENCA (Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser)
  4. TIS (Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer)
  5. MCC (Mars Colour Camera)


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Related Links

Cartosat 2 – An Overview of Cartosat Series Earth Observation Satellites Eye in the Sky – Military Satellite: Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV) – In Depth
Reusable Launch Vehicle – Test Demonstrator (RLV-TD) of ISRO Semi-Cryogenic Technology for Gaganyaan: Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV) – In Depth
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk III – A Comprehensive Overview of Medium Lift Launch Vehicle Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) – A Complete Overview
Chandrayaan Mission 2 Aditya L1 – India’s 1st Solar Mission
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)  Chandrayaan – 1 (Launched in 2008)
Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) – Indian GPS System Space Debris Discussion – Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV) – In Depth 
Aryabhatta – 1975 Bhaskara – Launched in 1979
Cartosat 3 – Variety of Earth Observation Application Indian Satellites – A Comprehensive List
Complete List of Indian Space Centres Forecast of Natural Disasters by ISRO
Mars Orbiter Mission – A Complete Overview of Mangalyaan Mission Juno Mission – Objective, Scientific Instruments, Significance of the Mission
Cassini Spacecraft  Exoplanets – Planets Beyond Solar System




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