What Happened to India's Mars Mission?

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mission Mangalyaan is the first interplanetary space mission of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was successfully launched on 5th November 2013. The space probe of this mission has been orbiting the Mars since 24th September 2014. Some of the highlights of this successful mission was

  1. ISRO is the 4th space agency to reach the orbit of Mars after Roscosmos, NASA, European Space Agency (ESA).
  2. India is the first nation to reach the orbit of Mars on the very first attempt.
  3. India is the first Asian country to reach the orbit of Mars.

Aspirants would find this article and the numerous related links given at the end of the article, very helpful while preparing for the Science and Technology section of the IAS Exam.

Which was the Launch Vehicle used for Mars Orbiter Mission?

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was launched using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV XL – C25) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh. It took 298 days for the Mars probe to reach the orbit of Mars. The probe is being tracked from ISRO centres located in Bangalore.

What were the Objectives of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)?

The primary objective was to develop the necessary technologies for interplanetary space missions. The other objectives were

  1. Explore the surface features of Mars planet.
  2. Morphology
  3. Mineralogy
  4. Atmosphere of Mars.

What were the Scientific Instruments Carried on the MOM mission?

Payload in the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was made of 5 scientific instruments.

  1. LAP (Lyman-Alpha Photometer)
  2. MSM (Methane Sensor for Mars)
  3. MENCA (Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser)
  4. TIS (Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer)
  5. MCC (Mars Colour Camera)

 

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