UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme
National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) is an umbrella programme for prevention and control of vector borne diseases and is subsumed under National Health Mission. Directorate of NVBDCP is the central nodal agency for the prevention and control of vector borne diseases i.e. Malaria, Dengue, Lymphatic Filariasis, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis and Chikungunya in India. It is one of the Technical Departments of Directorate General of Health Services, Government of India. Various programmes under NVBDCP are:
- Kala Azar control programme:
- It is a centrally sponsored programme in endemic states in 1990-91. A tripartite MoU has been signed between India, Bangladesh and Nepal for achieving Kala Azar from the South East Asia Region.
- All programmes are being implemented by the NVBDCP.
- It has a target of reducing annual incidence of Kala Azar to less than one per 10000 population at the block PHC level.
- National Filaria Control Programme:
- National Filaria Control Programme was launched in 1955. It has the objective of controlling Lymphatic Filariasis in un-surveyed areas and urban areas through anti parasitic and anti larval measures.
- The National Health Policy 2017 envisages the elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis. 2020 is the target year for Global elimination of the disease.
- Japanese Encephalitis Control Programme:
- A task force is constituted by the Government of India for the control of Japnese Encephalitis. The Directorate of NVBDCP monitors the situation of Japanese Encephalitis in the country.
- Objective of the programme is early diagnosis of the disease and sincere case management.
- Dengue Control:
- Objective of the programme is surveillance and Dengue outbreak control, vector control through community participation especially in the pre monsoon period as the transmission is correlated to monsoon and capacity building to ensure timely treatment.
Organisms that transmit pathogens and parasites from an infected person to another causing serious disease are called as vectors. Example: Mosquitoes, bugs, ticks, snails etc.