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30 Nov 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 30 Nov 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY
1. Doubling court strength won’t end pendency: SC
C. GS 3 Related
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INDIAN POLITY
1. Settling the language for cooperative federalism
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. EWS are well represented in higher education
ENVIRONMENT
1. Where does waste originate and go?
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. UNDP to help waste segregation workers access govt. schemes
2. Yudh Abhyas among five other bilateral Army drills on
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. Yudh Abhyas among five other bilateral Army drills on

  • The Indian Army is currently engaging in bilateral exercises with five countries both within and outside the country.
  • The 18th edition of “Yudh Abhyas” which is an India-U.S. Army exercise is being organised at Auli in Uttarakhand, about 100 km from the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  • Additionally, other exercises namely:
    • Ex Austra Hind with Australia is being conducted at Mahajan field firing ranges in Rajasthan 
    • Ex Agni Warrior with Singapore is being organised at Deolali in Maharashtra
    • Ex Harimau Shakti with Malaysia is being conducted at Pulai, Kluang, Malaysia
    • Ex Garuda Shakti with Indonesia is being conducted at Sangga Buana Training Area in Karawang, Indonesia
    • Ex KazInd with Kazakhstan is scheduled to take place in mid-December

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements with regard to Kuki – Chin tribal community: 
(Level – Difficult)
  1. The term Chin is used for the people in the neighbouring Chin state of Myanmar whereas Chins are called Kukis on the Indian side.
  2. Following ethnic clashes between the Nagas and Kukis in the early 1990s, a number of Kuki outfits like the Kuki National Front were formed to counter Naga hegemony and assertion.
  3. The Kuki-Chin National Army aims to create a separate state in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Southern Bangladesh.

Choose the correct code:

  1. One statement is correct
  2. Two statements are correct
  3. All statements are correct
  4. None of them
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The term Chin is used for the people in the neighbouring Chin state of Myanmar whereas Chins are called Kukis on the Indian side.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Following ethnic clashes between the Nagas and Kukis in the early 1990s, a number of Kuki outfits like the Kuki National Front were formed to counter Naga hegemony and assertion.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Kuki-Chin National Army aims to create a separate state in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Southern Bangladesh.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regard to in-camera court proceedings 
in India: (Level – Difficult)
  1. Section 327 of the Code of Criminal Procedure has detailed the types of cases that should be recorded on camera, including inquiries into and trials in rape cases.
  2. As per this section, if the presiding judge or a magistrate thinks fit, she can order at any stage of the proceedings that the public generally, or any particular person, shall not remain present in the courtroom or the court building.
  3. In-camera proceedings are usually conducted at family courts in cases of matrimonial disputes, including judicial separation, divorce proceedings, impotence, and more.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 3 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Section 327 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) has detailed the types of cases that should be recorded on camera, including inquiries into and trials in rape cases.
  • Statement 2 is correct, According to Section 327 of the CrPC, if the presiding judge or a magistrate thinks fit, she can order at any stage of the proceedings that the public generally, or any particular person, shall not remain present in the courtroom or the court building.
  • Statement 3 is correct, In-camera proceedings are usually conducted at family courts in cases of matrimonial disputes, including judicial separation, divorce proceedings, impotence, and more.
    • In-camera proceedings are also conducted during the deposition of witnesses of terrorist activities as per the court’s discretion, so as to protect them and maintain national security.
Q3. Which of the following best defines ‘wet leasing an aircraft’? (Level – Medium)
  1. Renting the plane along with the operating crew and engineers
  2. Renting only the aircraft
  3. Renting any ‘without label’
  4. Renting the aircraft for medical purposes
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Wet leasing refers to renting the plane along with the operating crew and engineers.
  • Dry leasing refers to taking only the aircraft on rent.
Q4. Which of the following statements is not true about RBI’s e-rupee? 
(Level – Easy)
  1. E-rupee would be issued in the same denominations that paper currency and coins are currently issued.
  2. Users will be able to transact with e-Rupee through a digital wallet offered by the participating banks and stored on mobile phones and devices.
  3. Transactions can be only person to merchant (P2M).
  4. RBI has demarcated the digital rupee into two broad categories — retail and wholesale.
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) would be releasing the central bank digital currency (CBDC) for retail customers and merchants in four cities, including Mumbai and Delhi, from December 1 on a pilot basis.
  • The e-rupee (e₹) would be issued in the same denominations that paper currency and coins are currently issued.
  • Users will be able to transact with e₹ through a digital wallet offered by the participating banks and stored on mobile phones or other devices or gadgets.
  • CBDC or the Digital Rupee is categorised into two types namely Retail (CBDC-R) and Wholesale (CBDC-W).
  • Transactions can be both person-to-person (P2P) and person-to-merchant (P2M).
Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct? (Level – Medium) PYQ (2016)

Viruses can infect

  1. bacteria
  2. fungi
  3. plants

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • It is known that Viruses can infect plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, archaea, etc.
  • Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase (1952) worked with viruses that infect bacteria called bacteriophages.
  • According to the type of the host they infect, viruses are classified mainly into the following four types:
    • Plant viruses including algal viruses-RNA/DNA
    • Animal viruses including human viruses-DNA/RNA
    • Fungal viruses (Mycoviruses) – Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)
    • Bacterial viruses (Bacteriophages) including cyanophages

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 30 Nov 2022:- Download PDF Here

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