Which State Gives The Highest Numbers Of Civil Services Success?

“Delhi is the mecca of IAS coaching.” This is an oft-heard line in IAS coaching circles. Delhi is the place where most IAS aspirants go to. Lakhs of candidates go to Delhi for their IAS coaching and turn out successful as well. For reasons like many coaching institutes, easy availability of good study material and notes, etc., Delhi is the preferred choice for most aspirants. Of course, these days, with the advent and sweeping reach of the internet, many successful aspirants are those who stayed in their home states only. In this article, we bring you the state-wise selection of candidates in UPSC.

Highlights of States’ Performace in UPSC 2019

The final results of UPSC 2019 have been declared on 4th August 2020. The UPSC Result 2019 can be found in the linked article. It is too soon to accumulate the exact data from the state-wise selection of candidates in UPSC. However, the key highlights of the state-wise selection in Civil Services are mentioned below:

  1. Haryana has produced the IAS Topper this year with Pradeep Singh bagging the first rank in UPSC CSE 2019.
  2. Uttar Pradesh produced the 3rd rank holder Pratibha Verma in UPSC 2019.
  3. 2nd and 4th rank holders of UPSC 2019 hail from the national capital, Delhi.
  4. Jammu & Kashmir – 16 candidates out of 829 hail from this Union Territory. The highest rank achieved by the candidate from Jammu & Kashmir is 38 by Abhishek Augustsya.
  5. Assam – 5 out of 829 candidates are from the state of Assam. The highest rank achieved by the candidate hailing from Assam is 59.
  6. Tamil Nadu – As of the current data, there are 60 candidates who cleared UPSC 2019 and belong to the state of Tamil Nadu. 7th rank holder Ganesh Kumar hails from this state.
  7. There are 10 candidates in the top 100 that belong from Kerala. Jeydev CS has topped from Kerala bagging All-India Rank 7 in civil services examination 2019.

Performance of Delhi in Producing IAS Officers

As mentioned earlier, Delhi is seen as the epicenter of all the UPSC related activities. Whether it starts from the preparation or when it ends in the IAS Interview, Delhi always is considered a destination for Civil Services Exam preparation. Let’s see some interesting facts about Delhi in producing the IAS officers:

  1. In 2019, 2nd IAS Topper Jatin Kishore and 4th rank holder Himanshu Jain belong to Delhi.
  2. In 2017; 17 candidates were selected as IAS Officers following the final UPSC Results.
  3. In 2016; 12 candidates who cleared the UPSC Exam and were appointed as IAS Officers were from Delhi.
  4. In 2015, the number of candidates who were declared successful and were appointed as IAS officers is 23.
  5. In 2014, there were 19 candidates from Delhi who sat for the examination and cleared it only to be appointed as the IAS Officers.
  6. In 2013, 14 candidates hailed from the National Capital Territory of Delhi and were appointed as the IAS officers.
  7. In 2007, only four successful candidates were from the nation’s capital.

UPSC 2019 examination process has come to an end with the final results being declared on 4th August 2020. Candidates can know about the last rank that is needed to get the post of IAS, IPS, IFS in UPSC in the linked article.

States’ Performance in 2011-2015 – UPSC CSE

The UPSC CSE exam is held annually to recruit for Group A and Group B posts in the Indian government. Out of the 22 services, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is perhaps the most prestigious service. Let’s see how the states fare in producing IAS officers.

State No of selected IAS Officers during 2011-2015
Uttar Pradesh 118
Rajasthan 97
Tamil Nadu 90
Bihar 68
Andhra Pradesh 61
Maharashtra 58
Kerala 54
Harayana 51
Delhi 49
Karnataka 37
Madhya Pradesh 17
West Bengal 7

Some facts related to a few of the states’ performances in UPSC CSE over the years:

  1. Bihar produced 12 IAS officers in UPSC 2017
  2. Tamil Nadu produced 8 IAS officers in UPSC 2017
  3. Karnataka produced 6 IAS officers in UPSC 2017
  4. 3 IAS officers have been produced from the then state Jammu & Kashmir in UPSC 2015
  5. 1 IAS officer was produced in Himachal Pradesh in UPSC 2015
  6. Uttarakhand produced 4 IAS officers while Punjab produced 7, in UPSC 2015
  7. There were 15 candidates who were appointed as IAS Officers from the state of Haryana and 19 from the state of Rajasthan in UPSC 2015.

State-Wise Selection of Candidates in Civil Services (2002-2012)

The UPSC CSE exam is held annually to recruit for Group A and Group B posts in the Indian government. Out of the 22 services, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is perhaps the most prestigious service. Let’s see how the states fare in producing IAS officers:

State/UT/Institute No. of Candidates Interviewed No. of Candidates Selected
Delhi 11738 1498
Uttar Pradesh 21984 998
University of Delhi 6436 743
Maharashtra 5506 724
Tamil Nadu 5148 721
Rajasthan 6211 574
IIT 3398 519
Karnataka 2411 513
JNU 3317 496
Andhra Pradesh 3413 374
Punjab 2443 365
Kerala 1203 196
Madhya Pradesh 2165 179
Bihar 3204 166
Uttarakhand 1460 158
Haryana 1541 148
West Bengal 1035 137
Gujarat 665 122
Jharkhand 1181 81
Jammu & Kashmir 312 57
Odisha 450 41
Chandigarh 751 37
Chhattisgarh 170 37
Himachal Pradesh 371 32
Assam 200 30
Pondicherry 138 29
Meghalaya 169 8
Manipur 49 8
Sikkim 43 7
Nagaland 9 2
Goa 2 1

The following points can be derived from the table given above:

  • The maximum number of selected candidates is from the state of Delhi.
  • Institutes in Delhi like Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), DU (University of Delhi), and India Insitute of Technology-Delhi (IIT-Delhi) send a lot of candidates to the UPSC.
  • Uttar Pradesh sent the maximum number of candidates to the interview level. This could be because it is the most populous state in India. Also, traditionally a lot of people aspire to be IAS officers from this state. In terms of selected candidates, UP is second in place next to Delhi.
  • Despite its relatively smaller population (compared to states), Delhi bagged the first place showing that a lot of aspirants travel to Delhi to try their hand at the UPSC civil services. Whatever the figures say, the decision to move out of your home town is a personal one and ought to be well-thought-out by the aspirant.

As per 2016 data, UP continues to be on top, however, the arid state of Rajasthan is surprisingly second in the whole country when it comes to producing IAS officers. Uttar Pradesh is one of the states that produce more number of IAS Officers. In UPSC 2015, 29 IAS Officers were produced from the state. The NCT of Delhi also demonstrates good numbers while much larger states like MP, Karnataka and West Bengal lag behind.

Also Read | Is Delhi Truly the Mecca of IAS Coaching Today

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