|Atomic Mass||121.760 g.mol -1|
|Discovery||approx 1600 BC|
Chemical Properties of Antimony
|Group||15||Melting point||630.628°C, 1167.13°F, 903.778 K|
|Period||5||Boiling point||1587°C, 2889°F, 1860 K|
|Block||p||Density (g cm−3)||6.68|
|Atomic number||51||Relative atomic mass||121Sb|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||7Sb|
|Electron configuration||[Kr]4d10 5s2 5p3||CAS number||7440-36-0|
|ChemSpider ID||4510681||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database.|
What is Antimony?
- Antimony is a semi-metallic chemical element with an atomic number 51 and symbol Sb in the Periodic Table.
- The Latin name of Antimony is Stibium. It is generally found in two forms namely metallic form and non-metallic form.
- Antimony compounds are used since ancient times as a component in cosmetics.
- It is naturally found in Earth’s crust in the ores of valentinite and stibnite.
Uses of Antimony
- Pure antimony is used in the manufacturing of certain semiconductors like infrared detectors and diodes.
- It is used to harden lead and increase its durability.
- Batteries consist of antimony for smooth functioning.
- It is also used to make small arms & bullets.
- It is a very good flame retardant.
Properties of Antimony
- The metallic form appears in a bright silver colour brittle and non-metallic form will appear as the grey powder.
- It is a weak conductor of electricity and heat. The special feature of antimony and its alloys is that they expand on cooling.
Certain Health Facts About Antimony
- It is toxic but does not have any harmful effects.
- But constant exposure to this may cause some diseases like lung diseases, heart problems, and stomach ulcers.
- Harmful effects of antimony upon body tissues and functions can occur following inhalation or ingestion of certain compounds of antimony. Such poisoning resembles arsenic poisoning.
- Antimony poisoning has resulted from drinking acidic fruit juices containing antimony oxide dissolved from the glaze of enamelware containers.
- The major toxic side effects of antimony as a result of therapy are cardiotoxicity and pancreatitis which is seen commonly in HIV and visceral leishmaniasis coinfections.