|Group||15||Melting point||630.628°C, 1167.13°F, 903.778 K|
|Period||5||Boiling point||1587°C, 2889°F, 1860 K|
|Block||p||Density (g cm−3)||6.68|
|Atomic number||51||Relative atomic mass||121Sb|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||7Li|
|Electron configuration||[Kr]4d10 5s2 5p3||CAS number||7440-36-0|
|ChemSpider ID||4510681||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database.|
- Antimony is a semi-metallic chemical element with an atomic number 51 and symbol Sb in the Periodic Table.
- Latin name of Antimony is Stibium. It is generally found in two forms namely metallic form and non-metallic form.
- Antimony compounds are used since ancient times as a component in cosmetics.
- It is naturally found in Earth’s crust in the ores of valentinite and stibnite.
- Pure antimony is used in the manufacturing of certain semiconductors like infrared detectors and diodes.
- It is used to harden lead and increase its durability.
- Batteries consist of antimony for smooth functioning.
- It is also used to make small arms & bullets.
- It is a very good flame retardant.
- The metallic form appears in a bright silver colour brittle and non-metallic form will appear as the grey powder.
- It is a weak conductor of electricity and heat. The special feature of antimony and its alloys is that they expand on cooling.
- It is toxic but does not have any harmful effects. But constant exposure to this may cause some diseases like lung diseases, heart problems and stomach ulcers.
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