Symbol Ru
Atomic Number 44
Atomic Mass 101.1 g.mol -1
Discovered by Karl Klaus in 1844

Chemical Properties of Ruthenium

Group 8 Melting point 2250 °C
Period 5 Boiling point 4150 °C
Block d Density (g cm−3) 12.1
Atomic number 44 Relative atomic mass 101.07  
State at 20°C Solid Key isotopes 101Ru, 102Ru, 104Ru
Electron configuration [Kr] 4d75s1 CAS number 7440-18-8
ChemSpider ID 22390 ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

What is Ruthenium?

  • Ruthenium is a part of the periodic table with an atomic number of 44. It is commonly found in platinum ores.
  • It is a shiny, silvery metal that oxidises when exposed to air at 800°C.
  • It is one of the rare transition metals.

Uses of Ruthenium

  • It is used in the manufacturing of low-cost solar cells and in electronic devices.
  • It is used as exotic material.
  • It acts as a versatile catalyst in Fischer Tropsch synthesis and olefin metathesis.

Properties of Ruthenium

  • It is a member of the platinum group in the periodic table.
  • In the environment, it is found as a free metal or occasionally it is found as a chemical combination with platinum, osmium and iridium ores. Sometimes it is also associated with nickel deposits.

Certain facts about Ruthenium

  • It is generally found in North and South America and in the Ural Mountains.
  • It is generally found in ores with the other platinum group metals.
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