|Atomic Mass||101.1 g.mol -1|
|Discovered by||Karl Klaus in 1844|
Chemical Properties of Ruthenium
|Group||8||Melting point||2250 °C|
|Period||5||Boiling point||4150 °C|
|Block||d||Density (g cm−3)||12.1|
|Atomic number||44||Relative atomic mass||101.07|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||101Ru, 102Ru, 104Ru|
|Electron configuration||[Kr] 4d75s1||CAS number||7440-18-8|
|ChemSpider ID||22390||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database|
What is Ruthenium?
- Ruthenium is a part of the periodic table with an atomic number of 44. It is commonly found in platinum ores.
- It is a shiny, silvery metal that oxidises when exposed to air at 800°C.
- It is one of the rare transition metals.
Uses of Ruthenium
- It is used in the manufacturing of low-cost solar cells and in electronic devices.
- It is used as exotic material.
- It acts as a versatile catalyst in Fischer Tropsch synthesis and olefin metathesis.
Properties of Ruthenium
- It is a member of the platinum group in the periodic table.
- In the environment, it is found as a free metal or occasionally it is found as a chemical combination with platinum, osmium and iridium ores. Sometimes it is also associated with nickel deposits.
Certain facts about Ruthenium
- It is generally found in North and South America and in the Ural Mountains.
- It is generally found in ores with the other platinum group metals.