|Discovered by||Molybdenum was discovered by Peter Jacob Hjelm|
Chemical Properties of Molybdenum
|Group||6||Melting point||2622°C, 4752°F, 2895 K|
|Period||5||Boiling point||4639°C, 8382°F, 4912 K|
|Block||d||Density (g cm−3)||10.2|
|Atomic number||42||Relative atomic mass||95.95|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||95Mo, 96Mo, 98Mo|
|Electron configuration||[Kr] 4d5 5s1||CAS number||7439-98-7|
|ChemSpider ID||22374||ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database|
What is Molybdenum?
- Molybdenum (Mo) is a chemical element in the periodic table with atomic number 42, discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1778. Its name is derived from the Greek word Molybdos which means lead.
- It is a silvery white, hard transition metal and has one of the highest melting points of all pure elements.
- It can be attacked slowly by acids.
- Molybdenum is known to have 35 different isotopes varying in atomic mass from 83 to 117.
Uses of Molybdenum
- It is one of the greatest alloying agents as it improves the strength of steel at high temperatures and is applied for use in engines.
- It is even used as a fertilizer for some plants like cauliflower which is known to have Molybdenum deficiency.
- It is used as a catalyst for the petroleum industry.