Analysis of 2016 Mains GS Paper 3

Analysis of 2016 Mains GS Paper 3

General Studies paper 3 is the third GS paper in the UPSC civil service mains exam. It covers topics like economy, environment, agriculture, science and technology, disaster management and security. It is important to go through the previous years’ IAS question papers so as to understand the type of questions and also to know the trends followed by the paper-setters. This article talks about the 2016 UPSC mains GS paper III and gives you a detailed break-up of the questions.

Question paper format:

The format of the GS 3 question paper was no different from the one followed in the previous few years. There were 20 compulsory questions each for 12.5 marks thus making a total of 250 marks.

2016 GS III Analysis:

Take a look at the following pie chart which reveals the broad break-up of the questions. The percentage of questions asked from each topic in the UPSC syllabus for GS 3 is indicated.

 

This was the broad classification of the questions. Next, we give you detailed subtopics from where the questions have been asked. A table each is given for the broad topics and the marks accorded to each subtopic is provided.

ECONOMY

Subtopic

Marks

Growth & resource mobilization

25

Infrastructure, investment

25

Budget

12.5

Liberalization

12.5

 

Questions on growth and resource mobilization:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional finance fold. Do you agree with this for financial inclusion of the poorer section of the Indian society? Give arguments to justify your opinion.
  2. Comment on the challenges for inclusive growth which include careless and useless manpower in the Indian context. Suggest measures to be taken for facing these challenges.

Questions on infrastructure and investment:

  1. What are ‘Smart Cities? Examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase rural-urban differences? Give arguments for Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission.
  2. Justify the need for FDI for the development of the Indian economy. Why there is gap between MOUs signed and actual FDIs? Suggest remedial steps to be taken for increasing actual FDIs in India.

Questions on budget:

  1. Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?

Questions on liberalization:

  1. How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country?

 

AGRICULTURE

Subtopic

Marks

Land reforms

12.5

Cropping

37.5

PDS

0

Food processing

0

 

Questions on land reforms:

  1. Discuss the role of land reforms in agricultural development. Identify the factors that were responsible for the success of land reforms in India.

Questions on cropping:

  1. What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency.
  2. What is allelopathy? Discuss its role in major cropping systems of irrigated agriculture.
  3. Given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

 

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY/DISASTER

Subtopic

Marks

Science and tech

25

Environment

25

Disaster

25

 

Questions on science and technology:

  1. Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development?
  2. Why is nanotechnology one of the key technologies of the 21st century? Describe the salient features of Indian Government’s Mission on Nanoscience and Technology and the scope of its application in the development process of the country.

Questions on environment:

  1. Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy sources in the country. Discuss in brief the importance of National Programme on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs).
  2. Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects.

Questions on disaster:

  1. The frequency of urban floods due to high intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the reasons for urban floods. Highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
  2. With reference to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines, discuss the measures to be adopted to mitigate the impact of the recent incidents of cloudbursts in many places of Uttarakhand.

 

SECURITY

Subtopics

Marks

Extremism, terrorism

12.5

Cyber security

12.5

Cross border terrorism

25

 

Questions on extremism/terrorism:

  1. “Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above statement.

Questions on cyber security:

  1. Use of Internet and social media by non-state actors for subversive activities is a major concern. How have these have misused in the recent past? Suggest effective guidelines to curb the above threat.

Questions on cross border terrorism:

  1. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions.
  2. Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management.

 

The next pie chart talks about the percentage of questions asked from the various subtopics in the 2016 GS 3 paper:

 

Also See | Analysis of 2016 Mains GS Paper 2

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