UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – The East Asia Summit (EAS)/East Asia Summit UPSC
The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of 18 countries established in the year 2005. Initially, 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian regions were the members of the forum. The membership expanded to 18 countries including the United States and Russia at the Sixth EAS in 2011. EAS meetings are held after the annual Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) leaders’ meetings. The first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14 December 2005.
The East Asia Summit includes India, China, Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia, New Zealand, The United States, and Russia apart from the 10 ASEAN Member States. India is a founding member of the East Asia Summit. Eleven East Asia Summits have been held so far. Though the ASEAN is at the core of the EAS, it’s vision is beyond the ASEAN and is seen by India as an alternative to the APEC, in which India doesn’t enjoy the membership.
Priority areas of regional cooperation:
Within the framework of the East Asia Summit, there are six priority areas of regional cooperation. These are
Environment and Energy,
Global Health Issues and Pandemic Diseases,
Natural Disaster Management,
EAS is an initiative of ASEAN and is based on the premise of the centrality of ASEAN. It has evolved as a forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on political, security and economic issues of common regional concern and plays an important role in the regional architecture. Trade is also an important focus for the summit
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Question for the Day on the Topic
Consider the following statements:
1. The East Asia Summit is the premier leaders-led forum in the Asia-Pacific.
2. India is a founding member of the East Asia Summit.
Which of the statements is/are true?
A) Only 1
B) Only 2
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2