India To Hold G20 Chair in 2018, Delhi May Play Host


  • India is set to be the G20 Chair in 2018, and New Delhi could host the prestigious annual G20 summit.
  • The G20 member nations took a decision on the Chair for 2018 earlier this month, a top Finance Ministry source told “China is chairing the G20 this time, following which Germany will in 2017 and then … the Chair will pass on to India for 2018.”
  • The G20 operates as a forum and not as an organisation. Therefore, it does not have any permanent secretariat or management and administrative structure. One of the G20 countries is selected to hold the Chair in rotation, also known as ‘G20 presidency’.
  • The presidency establishes a temporary secretariat for the duration it holds the Chair. The secretariat coordinates all work and organises G20 meetings.
  • The immediate past, present and next Chair constitute a ‘troika’ and ensure continuity in the G20 work. In the current year (2015), the presidency is held by Turkey. The Chair was handed over to it by Australia. Turkey will hand over the Chair for the next year (2016) to China. After China, Germany will hold it in 2017.
  • For selecting presidency, a system has been in place since 2010, when South Korea held the Chair. Under it, 19 countries have been categorised into five regional groupings of a maximum of four nations each.
  • Each member of G20 is represented by its head of state at the Leaders’ Summit. Leaders are assisted by their Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, and Sherpas. India recently announced the appointment of NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Arvind Panagariya as G20 Sherpa.
  • Specific G20 ministerial meetings, like those of G20 Agriculture Ministers, Labour Ministers and Trade Ministers, are organised on specific themes of importance as identified by the G20 leaders or the G20 presidency.
  • The outcomes of these meetings feed into the Sherpas’ track and subsequently to the leaders’ declaration.

‘Demonstrate technology used to mitigate impact of climate change’

  • Ahead of the UNFCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) Conference of Parties (CoP) 21 later this year, the Prime Minister’s Office has asked Ministries related to climate change to publicly demonstrate the technologies adopted by them to mitigate the effects of climate change.
  • The PMO has asked the ministries concerned to visibly demonstrate — through the media — the initiatives taken for reducing Green House Gas (GHG) emissions ahead of the conference in which the participating countries are expected to reach an international pact to tackle climate change by 2050. At Paris, heads of States are expected to agree on a post-2020 plan that will guide future actions.
  • For India, projected climate change scenarios forecast consistent warming trend with temperature increase ranging from 1.5 to 4.3°C. Warming, temperature extremes and strong variability in rainfall are likely to impact food and livelihood security of the burgeoning population in India which is dependent on agriculture, says ICAR Deputy Director-General (Natural Resource Management) Alok K. Sikka.
  • Sikka said India’s strategy in agriculture would be on adaptation to changes in the climate rather than mitigation. “We cannot compromise on agricultural production and productivity. Therefore we are concentrating on climate smart practices to make our agriculture resilient to climate change.”

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