LAPSING OF BILLS
Lapsing of Bills is an important concept in the polity syllabus in the UPSC civil services exam. The following article briefly describes the constitutional basis of this topic. It also talks about the various conditions under which bills are lapsed. It also talks about the difference between the Indian system and the system prevalent in England.
Rule of Lapse in Parliament
Article 107 enumerates certain situation in which a Bill lapses. A Bill which has lapsed is no more before the Parliament. It has to be introduced again and all steps are required to be taken again. Our Constitution has made a departure from the British practice. Prorogation has no effect on a pending Bill, in India. In England, a Bill lapses on the prorogation of the House of Commons. The position regarding lapsing of Bills may be thus summarized. (a) A Bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses on its dissolution. The Bill may have originated in the Lok Sabha or may have been transferred to it by the Rajya Sabha. (b) A Bill passed by the Lok Sabha and pending in the Rajya Sabha lapses on the dissolution of the Lok Sabha. (c) A Bill originating in the Rajya Sabha which has not been passed by the Lok Sabha and which is still pending in the Rajya Sabha does not lapse. (d) A Bill which has been passed by both the Houses and has been presented to the President for assent does not lapse. (e) A Bill returned by the President for reconsideration does not lapse. (f) A Bill in regard to which the President has notified his intention to summon the houses to a joint sitting does not lapse by dissolution of the Lok Sabha. (g) All motions, resolutions, amendments etc. pending in the Lok Sabha lapse on its dissolution.