Concept: India’s family planning programme
Topic: Health sector- policies
Category: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors
Related News: Hindu, Mar 25
CNA mentions: (Mar 25)
India’s family planning programme
The government plans regarding family planning in India is the responsibility of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The symbol for family planning health and contraception services is an inverted red triangle.
In India, family planning is largely a government-sponsored and led effort. In the years from 1965 to 2009, the use of contraceptives has increased more than threefold. It was 13% of married women in 1970 and in 2009, the figure stands at 48%. Meanwhile, the fertility rate has decreased to more than half of the value in 1966. In 1966, it was 5.7 and in 2012, the figure was an impressive 2.4. Still, the national fertility rate is high enough to lead to long-term population growth. Every 20 days, India adds almost one million people!