National Population Register (NPR)

The National Population Register (NPR) is a file of the identities of all Indian populations. The data for the formation of the NPR was gathered in the General Census carried out between April and September 2010. The record is upheld by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. The Indian government is also making a National Register of Indian Citizens, a subsection of the National Population Register.

The next National Population Register shall be held along with the Census 2021. It will be conducted by the Office of the Registrar General of India (RGI) under the Home Ministry.

The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.

This is an important topic from the IAS Exam perspective and UPSC aspirants must go through the objectives and significance of NPR discussed further below in this article.

About National Population Register (NPR)

  • NPR is the list of residents of the country. The residents must have been either residing in the country for at least six months or must intend to live for the coming six months
  • All residents must mandatorily register for NPR
  • The NRP data was first collected in 2010 along with the Census of India 2011
  • The data was updated again in 2015 through a door-to-door survey
  • The National Population Register is prepared based on the provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003
  • Section 14A was inserted in the Citizenship Act, 1955, in 2004, providing for the compulsory registration of every citizen of India and the issue of a “national identity card” to him or her

For more information about Citizenship in India, candidates can visit the linked article.

Advantages of NPR

  • The NPR exercise is conducted at the local, sub-district, district, state and national levels and it collects both demographic and biometric details of a resident
  • A streamlined data about the residents of the country will help the Government and other authorities to create a target plan and develop strategies accordingly
  • The implementation of policies shall also become easier

Drawback of NPR

Although there is no confirmed information about it, but a lot of residents and people have questioned the privacy protection of such wide data. The authorities must provide clarity over the privacy terms of NPR.

UPSC 2021

Difference between Census, NRC and NPR

National Population Register (NPR) – The NPR is a database containing a list of all usual residents of the country. Its objective is to have a comprehensive identity database of people residing in the country.

National Register of Citizens (NRC) – It holds all the important information of the Indian citizens of Assam required for their identification. However, in a parliamentary session on November 20, 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah declared an extension of NRC to the entire country. However, it is yet to be implemented. To know more about NRC, aspirants can visit the linked article.

Census – An enumeration of people, houses, firms, or other important items in a country or region at a particular time is called Census.

Question for the Day on the Topic

Consider the following statements

  1. The National Population Register (NPR) is upheld by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. The aim for NPR is nearly similar as for Unique Identification Authority of India

Select the correct ones

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Aspirants can get the detailed UPSC Syllabus for the upcoming Civil Services Exam at the linked article. They can refer to the same and start their preparation accordingly.

For any further exam updates, study material or preparation tips, visit BYJU’S.

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