What is the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)?

The National Family Health Survey is a survey carried out on a massive scale across the country to collect information on many parameters which would ultimately help the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) to frame policies and programs to help in upliftment of the vulnerable groups in India. Totally five rounds of survey have been conducted till date. The below information gives details on the round and the year it was conducted.

  1. First Round of NFHS conducted in 1992-93
  2. Second Round of NFHS conducted in 1998-99
  3. Third Round of NFHS conducted in 2005-06
  4. Fourth Round of NFHS conducted in 2015-16
  5. Fifth Round of NFHS conducted in 2018-19

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

The Objective of conducting the NFHS is to collect information of the following

  1. Fertility
  2. Maternal and Child Health
  3. Reproductive Health
  4. Nutrition
  5. Anaemia
  6. Infant and Child Mortality
  7. Family Planning

Who Published NFHS?

MOHFW has appointed International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai as the Nodal agency. IIPS has collaborated with the following international agencies for successful conduct of the survey. 

  1. ORC, Macro, Maryland, USA
  2. East-West Centre, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

Which Agencies Provided the Funding for NFHS?

Many International agencies and the Central Government Ministry has provided the necessary funds to carry out the survey.

  1. United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
  2. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
  3. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  4. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  5. MOHFW, Government of India

What is NFHS-4?

It is the Fourth Round of National Family Health Survey conducted under the aegis of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW). The following are some of the major highlights of the program.

  1. District level estimates on many indicators were provided for the first time.
  2. 14 Field agencies were involved in collection of data
  3. Gathered information from approximately 6 lakh households.
  4. Survey took information from approximately 7 lakh women and 1 lakh men.


The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

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