In this article, you can read all about the National Family Health Survey. This is an important government agency/function and you should know about its functions, mandate, operations, etc. for the UPSC exam.
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale survey conducted throughout India to get information on infant mortality, child mortality, fertility, family planning practice, child and maternal health, nutrition, reproductive health, anaemia, usage and quality of health and family planning services.
The objectives of the survey are:
- To give important information on health and family welfare required by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and other agencies for policy and programme purposes.
- To give information on important emerging health and family welfare issues.
- The nodal agency responsible for the offering coordination and technical help for the survey is International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai.
- The first round of the survey was conducted in 1992-93. The latest round was held in 2018-19, which was the fifth round of survey.
- The third stage of the family health survey was conducted in 2005-06.
- It was carried out in 29 Indian states.
- Multiple organisations were involved in the execution of the survey.
- The funding was provided by DFID, USAID, UNICEF, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, UNFPA, and the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare with the Government of India.
- Technical assistance was provided by the National Aids Control Organisation (NACO) and the National AIDS Research Institute (NARI).