Covalent bonds and ionic bonds are types of atomic bonds. These bonds are different in their properties and structure. In everyday life, we unknowingly interact with chemistry like molecules, atoms, electron clouds and more. But we never observe any bonding between the objects we use in everyday life.
The covalent bonds include pairs of electrons by two atoms binding them in a fixed orientation. While a bond between two ions is called ionic bonds. A covalent bond is formed while the ionic bond is formed between a metal and a non-metal.
Difference Between Covalent and Ionic Bonds
|Difference Between Covalent and Ionic Bonds|
|Covalent Bonds||Ionic Bonds|
|Formed between two non-metals||Formed between a metal and non-metal|
|Has definite shape||Don not have definite shape|
|Chemical bonding between two non-metallic atoms||Electrovalent bonds|
|Low melting point||High melting point|
|Contains hydro chloric acid and methane||Contains sulphuric acid and sodium chloride|
|Low boiling point||High boiling point|
|Gaseous or liquid in state||Solid state.|