Kakori Conspiracy Case UPSC
Kakori Conspiracy is also known as Kakori Conspiracy Case or The Kakori Train Robbery, it was an armed robbery which took place on August 9, 1925, on a train in central Uttar Pradesh. The robbery occurred at the town of Kakori, about 16 km from Lucknow which was where the train was headed. The train was carrying the money that had been collected from various railway stations to be deposited at Lucknow. The raiders were known to be members of the newly formed Hindustan Republican Association, a revolutionary organization whose mission was to liberate India from British colonial rule through a revolution which included armed rebellion. The HRA carried out such robberies and raids to make funds for their militant activities.
The plan was hatched by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan. It was executed by Bismil, Khan, Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajendra Lahiri, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshab Chakravarty and a few others. One of the revolutionaries halted the train by pulling its chain and then they carried out the looting. They were able to get around Rs.8000 from the government money bags. Not a single Indian passenger was robbed. Unfortunately, a passenger was killed in an accidental firing. This made it a murder case.
After the incident, the revolutionaries fled to Lucknow. The government started an intense search for them. In total, about 40 people were arrested including Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan. Chandrashekhar Azad who could not be captured later shot himself during a shootout with the police in 1931. The final verdict of the case was pronounced in July 1927. Around 15 people were let off by the court for lack of evidence. Ram Prasad Bismil, Rajendra Lahiri, Ashfaqullah Khan and Thakur Roshan Singh were awarded death sentences. Sachindra Bakshi and Shachindra Nath Sanyal were deported to the cellular jail in Port Blair. Others were given imprisonment of varying lengths. After the final judgement, the revolutionaries, who were sent to different jails, undertook hunger strikes protesting against the jail conditions and also demanding political prisoner -status for them.
Despite strong protest in India against the death sentences, the government was unwilling to reconsider. The four death sentences were carried out in December 1927. The Kakori case is an important event in the Indian independence movement. The sacrifice and courage of the young leaders inspire people even today.
|Revolutionaries in the Indian Freedom Movement||Ram Prasad Bismil Biography|
|Chandrasekhar Azad||Revolutionaries involved in the Kakori Conspiracy Case were hanged|