Various schemes are run for rural development. National Rural Livelihood Mission is one such governmental initiatives for the rural areas. Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) is a new name given to Aajeevika – NRLM in November 2015.
The initiative to move towards a demand-driven strategy enabling the states to formulate their own livelihoods-based poverty reduction action plan is at the core of the mission. DAY-NRLM is important for IAS Exam from GS-II and current affairs perspectives.
In this article, you can read all about the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM).
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)
The DAY-NRLM is essentially a poverty relief programme of the Central government. It was launched as ‘Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)’ by the GOI’s Ministry of Rural Development in the year 2011. It was renamed as DAY-NRLM in 2015.
The scheme is an improved version of the earlier Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY).
- The programme is supported partially by the World Bank.
- It aims at creating effective and efficient institutional platforms to enable the rural poor to increase their household income by means of sustainable livelihood enhancements and better access to financial services.
- Additionally, the poor would also be enabled to attain improved access to rights, public services, and other entitlements.
- The mission aims at harnessing the inherent capabilities of the poor and equip them with capacities (such as knowledge, information, tools, finance, skills, and collectivization for them to take part in the economy.
- The scheme started with an agenda to cover 7 Crore rural poor households via Self Help Groups (SHGs) and federated institutions and support them for livelihoods collectives in 8-10 years.
“To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots institutions of the poor.”
Guiding Principles of NRLM
- The poor have a great desire to escape poverty, and they have inherent capabilities.
- For unleashing the innate abilities of the poor, social mobilization and strong institutions are necessary.
- To induce social mobilization and build strong institutions and empower, an external support structure is needed that is both dedicated and sensitive.
- This upward mobility is supported by:
- Enabling knowledge dissemination
- Building skills
- Credit access
- Marketing access
- Livelihood services access
- Including the poorest, and giving them a meaningful role in every process
- Accountability and transparency in all institutions & processes
- Community self-dependence and self-reliance
- The poor should have ownership and a key role in all their institutions – in planning, executing and monitoring
Major Features of DAY-NRLM
The chief features of the scheme are as follows:
- Universal social mobilization: A minimum of one lady member of a rural poor household (with particular emphasis on the marginal sections) is to be brought in the network of an SHG.
- Participatory Identification of Poor
- Community Funds as Resources in Perpetuity: this is to strengthen the financial management capacity of the poor
- Financial inclusion
- Livelihoods: the mission focuses on promoting and stabilizing the existing livelihood structures of the poor through its three pillars:
- Vulnerability reduction & Livelihoods enhancement – through expanding existing livelihoods and tapping new livelihood opportunities in both the farm and non-farm sectors
- Employment – building skills
- Enterprises – promoting self-employment
- Another important feature of this scheme is that it places a high priority on convergence and partnerships with other government schemes of the Rural Development Ministry. It also seeks to have linkages with the Panchayati Raj institutions.
Sub-schemes under NRLM
Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY)
- This scheme was initiated in 2017.
- It aims at providing alternative sources of livelihood to members of SHGs under the parent scheme by enabling them to offer public transport services in backward rural areas.
- The scheme offers affordable, safe, and community-monitored rural transport services to connect villages in remote areas with key amenities & services (access to health, markets, and education) for the overall economic development of the region.
Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)
- The main objective of this sub-scheme is to empower women in agriculture by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and productivity.
- The programme also seeks to create and sustain agriculture-based livelihoods concerning women in rural areas.
- Other aims are to ensure food and nutrition in the households, enable better access to services and inputs for women, improve the managerial capabilities of women, etc.
Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP)
- The objective of this sub-scheme is to promote startups in rural areas.
- The scheme will address the three key hiccups concerning rural startups:
- A missing knowledge ecosystem
- A missing financial ecosystem
- A missing incubation ecosystem
- SVEP envisions the generation of sustainable self-employment opportunities for rural poor youth, facilitating them to engage effectively with the market and help generate wealth locally.
National Rural Livelihoods Project (NRLP)
- The NRLP is designed to create ‘proof of concept’ and build capacities at the central and state levels, to have a facilitating environment for all states and UTs to transit to the NRLM.
Rural livelihood is an important topic from the UPSC CSE exam perspectives. Hence, it is important to cover different aspects of Rural Livelihood i.e. through definition, improvement, and government intervention to enhance it.
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM):- Download PDF Here
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