UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
The member states of the United Nations Organisation approved the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) at the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in March 2015, held in Sendai, Japan. The treaty is voluntary and not binding upon the member states. Under the framework, the primary role of the member states to reduce the disaster risks is identified. The framework has a time frame of 15 years, i.e., 2015-2030.
SFDRR aims at achieving a substantial reduction of disaster risk and disaster losses in lives, livelihoods and health; in the environmental, cultural, social, physical and economic, assets of people, communities, businesses and countries over the next 15 years.
- United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) is tasked with the implementation, follow-up, support and review of the Sendai Framework.
- The framework comprises of a set of standards, an all-encompassing framework containing achievable targets and an instrument with a legal basis for disaster risk reduction.
- The framework calls for the sharing of responsibility among the stakeholders including the private sector, the government and the other stakeholders.
- It highlights the concerns on human health and well-being that are common to disaster risk reduction, climate change and sustainable development.
- The predecessor to Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction was the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015), an all-inclusive international accord on disaster risk reduction. The Hyogo framework was successful in galvanizing many stakeholders including the commercial sector, NGOs, scientists and governments in making progress towards disaster risk reduction.
The specific priorities of the Sendai Framework are:
- Understanding the disaster risk.
- Strengthening the governance of disaster risks for managing the disaster risks.
- Investments in disaster risk reduction for resilience
- Improving the disaster preparedness to ensure effective response, recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.
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