UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Sustainable Development Goals UPSC/Sustainable Development Goals for UPSC IAS exam. This is an important topic in current affairs and in International Relations for the civil services exam.
The documentary screened at the Rio+20 conference – “Future We Want” presented the idea of post 2015 development agenda. Sustainable development Goals (SDGs) is an intergovernmental agreement formulated to act as post 2015 Development agenda, its predecessor being Millennium Development Goals. It is a group of 17 goals with 169 targets and 304 indicators, as proposed by the United Nation General Assembly’s Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals to be achieved by 2030. Post negotiations, agenda titled “Transforming Our World: the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development” was adopted at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit. SDGs is the outcome of Rio+20 conference (2012) held in Rio De Janerio and is a non-binding document.
Sustainable Development UPSC Notes
17 Sustainable Development Goals
- SDG 1: No Poverty
- SDG 2: Zero Hunger
- SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being
- SDG 4: Quality Education
- SDG 5: Gender Equality
- SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
- SDG 7: Affordable and clean energy
- SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
- SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure
- SDG 10: Reduced inequalities
- SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities
- SDG 12: Responsible production and Consumption
- SDG 13: Climate actions
- SDG 14: Conserve life below water
- SDG 15: Protect the life on land
- SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
- SDG 17: Partnerships for the goals
Sustainable Development Goals India
India’s record in implementing Sustainable Development Goals
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) is being implemented to provide jobs to unskilled laborers and improve their living standards.
- National Food Security Act is being enforced to provide subsidized food grains.
- The government of India aims to make India open defecation free by the year 2019 under its flagship programme Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
- Renewable energy generation targets have been set at 175 GW by 2022 to exploit the solar energy, wind energy and other such renewable sources of energy efficiently and reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.
- Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) and Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) schemes have been launched for improving the infrastructure aspects.
- India has expressed its intent to combat climate change by ratifying the Paris Agreement.
|United Nations Broadband Commission For Sustainable Development|
|World Sustainable Development Summit 2018|