UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Central Water Commission
In India, in the arena of water resources, Central Water Commission (CWC) is the apex technical organisation. The organisation currently functions as an office attached to the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
The Central Water Commission is responsible for initiation, coordination of the schemes for the conservation, control and usage of water resources in the respective States for managing floods, irrigation activities, the supply of drinking water and generation of power from water in furthering the consultation with the government of the states concerned. In the cases where it becomes necessary, the commission could take up the execution or construction of any such projects.
The CWC is headed by a Chairman, with the status of Ex-Officio Secretary to the Government of India.
The commission is also vested with the responsibilities of:
- Flood control and management.
- Technical appraisal of Irrigation projects.
- Checking the economic viability of Irrigation projects.
- Appraisal of multipurpose projects recommended by the governments of various states.
- Collection, compilation, publishing of the hydrological data in the country and its analysis.
- Data gathering with respect to rainfall, temperature, runoffs etc. CWC assumes responsibility as the central bureau of information in such matters.
- Construction, investigation and execution of the schemes required.
- Surveys, investigations, designs, schemes and construction work for the development of river valleys
- Assist and advice the State Governments.
- Training of Indian Engineers in India and abroad in all aspects of river valley development.
CWC is divided into three specialised wings. They are
- River Management Wing (RM)
- Designs and Research Wing (D&R)
- Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P)
With the financial assistance from World Bank, Central Water Commission is managing Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) to rehabilitate about 225 dams in India.
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