Mountain pass is a connectivity route through the mountain run. It is a gateway to connect different parts of the country, and also with neighboring countries for different purposes.
Nathu La Pass
It is located in the state of Sikkim. This famous pass is located in the India- China border was reopened in 2006. It forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient silk route. It is one of the trading border posts between India and China.
Shipki La Pass: Himachal Pradesh –Tibet
It is located through Sutlej Gorge. It connects Himachal Pradesh with Tibet. It is India’s third border post for trade with China after Lipu Lekh and Nathula Pass.
Jelep La Pass: Sikkim-Lhasa
This pass passes through the Chumbi valley. It connects Sikkim with Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.
Qara Tagh Pass
It is located in the Karakoram Mountains. It was a subsidiary of the ancient silk route.
Khardung La: Leh- Siachin Glacier
It is the highest motorable pass in the country. It connects Leh and Siachen glacier. This pass remains closed during the winter.
It is located in Ladakh. It is the second highest motorable mountain pass in India.
Aghil Pass: Ladakh- Xinjiang
It is situated to the North of Mount Godwin-Austen in the Karakoram. It connects Ladakh with Xinjiang province of China. It remains closed during the winter season from November to May.
Chang-La: Ladakh- Tibet
It is a high mountain pass in the Greater Himalayas. It connects Ladakh with Tibet.
Lanak La: Ladakh-Lhasa
This is located in the Aksai Chin in Ladakh region. It connects Ladakh and Lhasa. The Chinese authority has built a road to join Xinjiang with Tibet.
Imis La: Ladakh- Tibet
The pass has a difficult geographical terrain and steep slopes. This pass remains closed during the winter season.
Bara-La: Himachal Pradesh- Leh-Ladakh
It is situated on the National Highway in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It connects Manali and Leh.
It is located in Uttarakhand. It is situated at the end of the Pindari glacier and connects the Pinadri valley to Milam valley. This pass is very steep and rugged.
Lipu Lekh: Uttarakhand-Tibet
It is located in Uttarakhand. It connects Uttarakhand with Tibet. This pass is an important border post for the trade with china. The pilgrims for Manasarovar travels through this pass.
Mana Pass: Uttarakhand-Tibet
It is located in the Greater Himalayas and connects Tibet with Uttarakhand. It remains under snow for six months during winter.
Mangsha Dhura Pass: Uttarakhand-Tibet
The pass which connects Uttarakhand-Tibet is known for landslides. The pilgrims for Manasarovar cross this route.
Muling La: Uttarakhand-Tibet
This seasonal pass connects Uttarakhand with Tibet remains snow covered during winter season
This pass joins Uttarakhand with Tibet. This also remains snow covered during the winter season.
Debsa Pass: Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley
It joins Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley. It is a high mountain pass in between the Kullu and Spiti of Himachal Pradesh. It is a bypass route of Pin-Parvati Pass.
Rohtang Pass: Kullu-Lahul-Spiti
This located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It has excellent road transportation. This pass connects Kullu, Spiti, and Lahul.
Bomdi-La: Arunachal Pradesh-Lhasa
The Bomdi-La pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. It is located in the east of Bhutan.
Dihang pass: Arunachal Pradesh- Mandalay
It is located in the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connect Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar (Mandalay)
Diphu pass: Arunachal Pradesh- Mandalay
The Diphu pass also provides easy and an alternate route to Myanmar. This pass remains open throughout the year for the transportation and trade.
Likhapani: Arunachal Pradesh- Myanmar
It located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass remains open throughout a year for transport and trade. This connects Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar.
It is located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.
Banihal Pass (Jawahar Tunnel): Banihal with Qazigund
Banihal pass is a popular pass in Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in Pir- Panjal Range. It connects Banihal with Qazigund.
Geography Syllabus and Strategies for IAS Prelims Examination
Zoji La: Srinagar- Kargil & Leh
It connects Srinagar with Kargil and Leh. Beacon Force of Border Road Organization is responsible for clearing and maintaining the road, especially during winter.
Burzail pass: Srinagar- Kishan Ganga Valley
This pass joins the Valley of Kashmir with the Deosai Plains of Ladakh.
The Pensi La connects the Kashmir valley with Kargil. It is situated in the Greater Himalayas.
It is a traditional pass from Jammu to Srinagar. This pass was closed after the partition. It provides shortest roadway access to Kashmir valley from Jammu.
Shencotta Gap: Madurai-Kottayam
It is located in the Western Ghats. It joins the Madurai city in Tamil Nadu with Kottayam district in Kerala.