National IPR Policy

The National IPR (Intellectual Property Rights) Policy is a vision document of the Indian government that aims to push innovation and entrepreneurship and also make IPRs a marketable commodity.

The policy complies with the World Trade Organization’s TRIPS agreement.

This is an important topic for IAS Exam.

What are the types of Intellectual Property?

The common types of Intellectual Property include:

  1. Copyright – This type of property includes books, songs, films, web content and artistic works
  2. Patents – This is majorly aimed to protects commercial inventions,e.g, a new business product or an innovative process
  3. Designs – This includes drawings or computer models
  4. Trademarks – This aims to protect signs, symbols, logos, words or sounds that are unique

How to Register Intellectual Property?

The method of registration of the Intellectual properties are given below:

  • Patents – Register under the terms of Patent Cooperation Treaty(Except for Industrial designs).
  • Trademarks – Domestic trademark system or under the Madrid system for international registration of trademarks
  • Copyright – Preferably, with copyright authorities.
  • Designs – Design Wing of the Patent Office

To know about Intellectual Property Rights in detail, check the linked article.

Mention the departments responsible for the Administration of Intellectual Property Rights in India.

Intellectual Property Department
Patents

Designs

Trademarks

Geographical indications

Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks – Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (Ministry of Commerce and Industry)
Copyright Ministry of Human Resource Development

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