UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Third National Wildlife Action Plan
Third National Wildlife Action Plan UPSC
To chalk out the future roadmap for wildlife conservation, the third National Wildlife Action Plan for 2017-2031 was announced by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The Environment minister unveiled the plan on the day of inauguration of Global Wildlife Programme Conference (GWP). With the protected-area centric approach to wildlife conservation, the first action plan was released for 1983 – 2001 and the second action plan was released for 2002 – 2016.
The MoEFCC had come up with a draft of the third National Wildlife Action Plan 2017-2031 in the first week of February 2016. It was drafted by a 12 member committee headed by JC Kala, a former secretary to MoEFCC. The plan contains detailed recommendations to be followed in the protected areas. The key focus areas of this plan include focus on wildlife health, reduction of human – wildlife conflict, conservation of marine ecosystem, conservation of coastal ecosystem and integration of climate change into wildlife planning.
- It is the first ever wildlife action plan which recognizes the impact of climate change on wildlife and the concerns associated with it.
- The plan emphasizes on integrating actions mitigation of climate change and its adaption into the processes of wildlife management planning.
- It recommends anticipatory planting along the ecological gradients and assisted migration of wildlife as climate change has been causing the death of certain species of trees that fail to adjust to the newer environmental conditions.
- Special emphasis is laid on conservation of wildlife habitats in marine, coastal and inland aquatic ecosystems and at the same time, recovery of threatened species of wildlife.
- The plan addresses the issues of deterioration, fragmentation and shrinkage of habitats resulting in human – animal conflict.
- It highlights the growing need for people’s participation and support for the conservation of wildlife. It recommends conservation awareness, eco-development, training, education and outreach programmes to educate the masses.
- It calls for private sector participation in conservation of wildlife. It states that the government will make sure that sustained funds inclusive of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds are at disposal for execution of the plan.