IBPS Po Prelims Reasoning Ability Syllabus Sitting Arrangement

Syllogism

In the section of syllogism, 2 to 3 statements are given and one has to draw a conclusion. The conclusions may also be given in the question and the candidate has to realize whether the conclusions follow the given statement logically or not.

Often negative statements and conclusions are also asked i.e. the candidate will have to identify which of the conclusion does not follow the given statement.

In this type of questions, a Venn diagram should be drawn on the basis of the given statements. This is can be understood better with a simple example.

Here we are providing examples of Syllogism which will help you understand the topic in a better way.

Example:

Statements:

  • Some footballers are cricketers.
  • All cricketers are bowlers.

Conclusions:

Some footballers are bowlers.

No cricketer is footballer.

  1. Only first conclusion follows
  2. Only second conclusion follows
  3. Either first or second conclusion follows
  4. Neither first nor second conclusion follows
  5. Both the conclusion follows

Answer : (1)

Explanation:

Syllogism

Statements:

All the Carrots are vegetables. All the vegetables are orange.

Conclusions:

All the orange are vegetables.

All the Carrots are orange.

  1. Only 1 conclusion follows
  2. Only 2 conclusion follows
  3. Either 1 or 2 follows
  4. Neither 1 nor 2 follows
  5. Both 1 and 2 follow

Answer: (2)

Explanation:

Syllogism - 2

Sitting Arrangement

In this section, some statements will be given which will indicate or illustrate a seating arrangement. The candidate is required to solve the given set of questions after identifying the actual positions from the statement.

The main advantage of these types of question is that if a candidate can properly realize the actual seating arrangement from the statements, then he/she can easily solve all the given set of questions. But if the realization is wrong, then all the questions in the set will be wrong.

There are two types of questions based on the Seating arrangement:

  • Linear / Row Seating arrangement:

Here floor based or problems involving single row are asked. Sometimes problems based on two rows is also asked.

  • Circular seating arrangement:

These will include Uni-directional as well as Bi-directional problems and sometimes may also have rectangular or other polygonal arrangements.

Here we are providing question types and examples of questions on Seating Arrangement which will help you understand the topic in a better way.

Example of Linear seating arrangement:

A, B, C, D, and E are sitting together in a row. D is seating second right to C. Only one person is seating between C and D. E is not in any of the extreme ends. B is seating third left to D. Who is seating on the right of B?

  1. B                        
  2. C                        
  3. A                       
  4. E                        
  5. None of these

Answer: (2)

Explanation:

From the given statements, the seating arrangement is: B C E D A or A B C E D

An example of Circular seating arrangement:

Statements:

6 girls are standing in a circle and are facing the inside of the circle. Rima is sitting to the right of Minnie but he is not just at the left of Katy. Aisha is between Bahny and Katy. Amaya is sitting to the left of Katy.

Who is seating to the right of Minnie?

  1. Katy                                
  2. Rima               
  3. Bahny
  4. Aisha              
  5. None of them

Answer: (2)

Explanation:

So, we can see from the seating arrangement that Rima is seating right of Minnie.

Sitting Arrangement