International Criminal Court (ICC)
The International Criminal Court or the ICC is a multi-governmental organisation and an international tribunal that is located at The Hague in the Netherlands. The ICC possesses the jurisdiction to try persons for the international crimes namely genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.
The ICC exists to complement the national judiciary in countries and as such can exercise jurisdiction only under certain conditions. The conditions include when national courts are reluctant or incapable of prosecuting criminals, or of the UN Security Council refer investigations to the ICC. The ICC started functioning on 1st July 2002. This was the date when the Roman Statute became effective. The Roman Statute is a multilateral agreement that is the ICC’s governing and foundational document.