Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE) annually. The exam has three stages with their own peculiarities. The last stage – Interview, hosts a few thousand candidates who have cleared the first two stages – Prelims and Mains. These aspirants have to undergo a medical test procedure which is a mandatory process of the IAS Exam. This article will introduce you to the medical test procedures for UPSC.
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Is there any Medical Test for IAS?
“Physical fitness is not only one of the most important keys to a healthy body, it is the basis of dynamic and creative intellectual activity” – John F. Kennedy
The Civil Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) have three stages – Preliminary, Main and Personality test or interview. After the interview candidates, are supposed to appear for their physical test. UPSC will allow each candidate a date and hospital. On that specified date, candidates are advised to go tote hospital for their medical examination.
The candidate, who after such medical examination as the Central Government or the Appointing Authority, by and large, may endorse, is found not to fulfil these prerequisites, won’t be selected. All candidates who are called for the Personality Test/interview by the Union Public Service Commission may be required to appear for medical examination and this is mandatory. Thus Medical examination is one of the most important factors for allocation of service and therefore completion of medical examination expeditiously is essential for timely and smooth service allocation.
The candidate will be intimated to present themselves before the Central Standing Medical Board (CSMB) constituted for the purpose of conducting a medical examination for determination of a candidate’s mental and physical status and on the basis of this determination a candidate will be recommended as fit or unfit for all services are temporarily unfit or unfit for technical services
Categories of Services
There are two categories of services- Technical and Non-technical Services. Technical Services requiring special medical status in terms of vision, height, chest, chest expansion etc.
- Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
- Indian Police Service (IPS)
- Delhi Andaman and Nicobar Police Service (DANIPS)
- Pondicherry Police Service (PONDIPS)
- Railway Protection Force (RPF)
- Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
- Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
- Indian Audit & Accounts Service ( IA&AS)
- Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
- Indian Civil Accounts Service
- Indian Railway Accounts Service
- Indian Railway Personnel Service
- Indian Defense Accounts Service
- Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax)
- Indian Ordinance Factories Services
- Indian Postal Service
- Indian Defense Estates Service
- Indian Postal & Telegraph Accounts and Finance Service
- Indian Corporate Law Services
- Indian Information Service
- Indian Trade Service
- Armed Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) Civil Service
Given below are a few posts which candidates can visit for detailed information-
For UPSC Posts aspirants can visit the linked page.
Designated Hospitals to Conduct Medical Test
Medical examination of candidates would be conducted in seven designated hospitals in Delhi. They are:
- Safdarjung Hospital
- Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital
- Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Hospital
- Succheta Kriplani Hospital
- Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital
- Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital
- BR Ambedkar Hospital.
Candidate belonging to the Physical Handicapped (PH) Category as per their application for Civil Services Preliminary Examination would be examined in five hospitals namely,
- Safdarjung Hospital
- Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital
- Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital
- Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Hospital.
Lady candidates would be examined in all the above mentioned seven hospitals. A Lady Doctor will be co-opted as a member of the Medical Board whenever a woman candidate is to be examined.
Advice for candidates
The candidate should come fasting for 10 hours or more on the day of the Medical Examination. They shouldn’t come without taking any medicine upon the arrival of the Medical Examination. If the candidates are using spectacles, Hearing Aid should bring the same with the prescription for the same. In the event that the applicant is utilizing Contact Lenses, they are encouraged to quit utilizing them no less than 48 hours before the medical examination. The Candidate ought to bring along with records of any surgical procedure he/she has experienced before.
The candidate who belongs to the Physical Handicapped (PH) category is advised to bring along the appliances being used by him/her and should bring along the ‘Disability Certificate’, if any, issued to him/her by any Disability Medical Board in the past.
All candidates with pregnancy will be fit for all types of services, except-the services which require/physical training. Those requiring or physical training will be declared ‘Fit’ after confinement.
Prepare for Medical Examination
Before approaching the Central Standing Medical Board for medical examination, the candidates are expected to prepare themselves well in advance to avoid any adverse and unfriendly outcomes. It is encouraged to begin working out a few weeks or months before the calendar of the medical examination, especially if you are opting for IPS. Don’t get ready at the last minute. Step by step, fabricate your stamina and wellness level and give enough planning time to lose any overabundance weight.
IAS Physical Test
When you enter your hospital you are supposed to fill up a form giving details of your earlier appearance before any medical board, earlier vaccinations you have been given, details of any surgery you have undergone, details of health conditions of your family.
- Blood test and the urine test
- Blood pressure: Blood pressure is measured and noted in your medical examination. The Candidate should try not to get overstressed otherwise the doctor may ask more questions and may conduct further tests. The doctor usually asks you to jump a specific number of times before he will conduct any tests.
- Diabetes Mellitus: All candidates should be subjected to fasting Blood Sugar and HbA1C after 8-10 hours or overnight fasting to rule out the presence of Diabetes Mellitus.
- Hearing ability: – The candidate’s hearing in each ear should be good and there should be no sign of disease of the ear. In case it is defective the candidate should be examined by a specialist. If the defect in hearing is remediable by operation or by the use of a hearing aid, then the candidate cannot be declared unfit on that account provided he/she has no progressive disease in the ear.
- Lungs and heart rate are checked with a stethoscope. The doctor may ask you to breathe normally or at a faster rate.
- X-ray: There is a chest X-ray and separate tests are also conducted to check for a hernia. Bone density is also measured by various tests.
- Separate tests are also conducted to check for a hernia.
- Standard height and weight: The candidate will also be weighed and his weight recorded in kilograms. Fractions of half a kilogram should be rounded into zero and more than half a kilogram should be rounded into one. The height and chest of the candidates should be measured twice before coming to a final decision.
Indian Railway Traffic Service
|Men||152 cm*||84 cm||5cm|
|Women||150 cm*||79 cm||5 cm|
|2.||Indian Police Service,
Group ‘A’ post in Railway Protection Force and other
Central Police Services Group ‘A’ & Group ‘B’
|Men||165 cm [For ST (except SC/ OBC) – 160 cm]||84 cm||5cm|
|Women||150 cm[For ST (except SC/ OBC)- 145 cm]||79 cm||5 cm|
* The following relaxed minimum height is prescribed in the case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Tribes and to races such as Gorkhas, Garhwalis, Assamese, Kumaonis, and Nagaland Tribal etc. whose average height is distinctly lower.
- Ophthalmic Test
- Normal vision: The candidates have to identify letters at a distance.
Standards for distant & near vision for Class of Service
|Technical Services||Non- Technical Services|
|Better eye (corrected vision)||Worse eye||Better eye (corrected vision)||Worse eye|
|Distant vision||6/6 or 6/9||6/12 or 6/9||6/6 or 6/9||6/18 to Nil or 6/12|
|J3 to Nil** J2|
|Types of corrections permitted||Spectacles, CL and Refractive Surgery* like Lasik, ICL, IOL etc.||Spectacles, CL and Refractive Surgery like
Lasik, ICL, IOL etc.
|Limits of refractive permitted||+4.00 D (including cylinder)-Non- Pathological Myopia +4.00 D (including cylinder) (Hypermetropia)
|None but without
|Color vision requirements||High Grade
|Binocular vision needed||Yes
* To be referred to a Special Board of Ophthalmologists.
** Near vision for Railways Service viz., IRTS, IRAS, IRPS and RPF is JI in better eye and JII in the worse eye.
Color Vision: The candidates have to identify the character correctly, and there will be some mazes also where you have to trace the path according to the colour correctly.
The color perception should be graded into higher and lower grade depending upon the size of the aperture in the lantern as described in the table below:-
|1||Distance between the lamp and the candidate||16 ft||16 ft|
|2||Size of aperture||1.3 mm.||13 mm.|
|3||Time of exposure||5 second||5 second|
- High-grade Color Vision is required for IPS, Other Police Services, 1RTS and RPF.
- Low-Grade Color Vision is acceptable for the rest of the services under
There is also a provision for appealing a decision of the medical board if you think an adverse report has been given. Another board in another government hospital will be instituted for the same.
Candidates aspiring to appear for teh upcoming UPSC Exam can check the following to boost their preparation-
Hope this answers all your doubts regarding the medical tests procedure for the IAS exam.
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