Hypochlorous Acid Formula

Hypochlorous acid is a weak acid formed when chlorine dissolves in water. It goes by several names such as chloranol, chloric acid and chlorine hydroxide. The chemical formula of hypochlorous acid is given by HOCl but its molecular formula is given by HClO. It is a simple molecule that consists central oxygen atom connected to hydrogen and chlorine through single bonds. In the human body, hypochlorous acid is produced by the immune cells to fight infections. In the article, let us learn more about the hypochlorous acid formula, its properties and uses.

Hypochlorous Acid Properties

Hypochlorous Acid Properties
Name Hypochlorous Acid
Alias Chloric acid, chloranol, chlorine hydroxide and hypochlorite
Appearance Colourless aqueous solution
Molecular Formula HClO
Solubility in Water Soluble
Molar Mass 52.460 g/mol

Hypochlorous Acid Chemical Structure

Chemical Structure of Hypochlorous Acid

Hypochlorous Acid Uses

  • Used as a sanitising agent.
  • Used as a skin cleansing agent in cosmetics.
  • Used in the making of disinfectants, bleaching powder and deodorant.

To learn more about such chemistry topics register to BYJU’S now!


Practise This Question

Some reasons are given regarding the limited use of Has fuel.
I) Its calorific value is low.
II) Its availability in free state is less.
III) It is difficult to store.
IV) It is not a clean fuel.
The correct statements are?