UPSC Prelims 2022 - Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Notes, Strategy

UPSC Prelims 2021 successfully took place on 10th October 2021. The Result of UPSC Prelims 2021 was out on 29th October 2021. 

UPSC Prelims 2022 to take place on 5th June 2022.

Check the exam calendars for 2021 and 2022 for exam dates of all recruitment examinations including CSE 2021-22:

Candidates must note that a list of rejected candidates due to non-payment of fees has been uploaded on the official website. One can also download the list of rejected applicants over fictitious fee from the link below:

List of Rejected Applicants in UPSC 2021 | Fictitious Fees-Download PDF Here

Are you preparing for the Civil Services Examination? Check your UPSC Eligibility Criteria now!

Check the following links to complement your preparation to crack the examination in the first attempt!

  1. IAS Questions & Answers
  2. Topic-Wise UPSC Prelims Questions PDF
  3. Download PDFs of UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Question Papers for GS1 and CSAT
  4. Check UPSC Prelims 2020 Answer Keys
  5. NCERT Notes for UPSC
  6. Current Affairs
  7. This Day in History

For details on IAS Exam, refer to the linked article.

UPSC Prelims 2022 – Exam Pattern

The UPSC Prelims comprises two objective type papers (General Studies I and General Studies II or CSAT) for a total of 400 marks. Both papers are usually held on the same day in two sessions via offline mode (pen-paper).

The Prelims Admit Card would be released on the official website of UPSC 2-3 weeks before the date of the exam.

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern General Studies I General Studies II or CSAT
Number of questions 100 80
Negative Marking Yes (1/3rd of the maximum marks for the question)

-0.66 marks for every incorrect answer

Yes (1/3rd of the maximum marks for the question)

-0.83 marks for every incorrect answer

Duration of exam 2 hours 2 hours
UPSC Prelims 2022 Date of exam 5th June 2022 5th June 2022
Language of exam English/Hindi English/Hindi
Maximum marks 200 200
Cut Off marks Counted for Merit. Cutoff varies every year. 33% qualifying criteria (66 marks)

The cut off for Prelims 2020 is 92.51 for General Category candidates. For UPSC Cut Off 2021, check the linked article.

Candidates can download the UPSC IAS Prelims 2019, 2020 and 2021 Question Papers for practice from the links below:

UPSC Prelims 2021: GS Paper 1 (Series D): Download here

UPSC Prelims 2021: CSAT Paper (Series D): Download here

UPSC Prelims 2020: GS Paper 1 (Series A): Download here

UPSC Prelims 2020: CSAT Paper II (Series D): Download here

UPSC Prelims 2019: GS Paper 1 (Series C): Download here

UPSC Prelims 2019: CSAT paper II (Series A): Download here

The UPSC Prelims Answer Keys of 2015-2019 CSE examinations can be found in the linked article.

UPSC - Daily News Analysis

UPSC Prelims 2022 – Syllabus

The detailed UPSC Prelims syllabus for 2022 Exam is given below:

General Studies Paper-1 Syllabus:

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

General Studies Paper-2 (CSAT) Syllabus:

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision-making and problem-solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).
  • English language comprehension skills – Class X level.

You can find the in-depth syllabus for UPSC Prelims here.

90 Day Preparation Strategy for UPSC Prelims

UPSC Prelims date for 2022 exam is 5th June 2021. The following strategies will help candidates to score well in the exam.

  • Current Affairs are an important part of UPSC Prelims. Ideally, aspirants should prepare Current Affairs from now to have updated information on relevant incidents on a regular basis.
  • Important sources for current affairs preparation for IAS exam 2021 are:
    1. Yojana Magazine
    2. Newspapers (The Hindu/The Indian Express)
    3. Press Information Bureau (PIB)
    4. Economic and Political Weekly (EPW)
  • Candidates should prepare for UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains simultaneously as there is a syllabus overlap. Check the complete IAS Syllabus 2021.
  • For CSAT or General Studies Paper-II in UPSC Prelims, go through the previous years’ question papers to gauge your level. As such, there is not much preparation needed for CSAT, however, only you can take that call. For complete information on CSAT including books, strategy and trend analysis, refer to the link.
  • Focus Areas for different subjects in UPSC Prelims
    1. Indian Independence movement:
      • Main congress sessions with the year, president and important resolutions
      • Significant viceroys and their period with important decisions
      • The Government of India Acts 1909, 1919, 1935 and charter acts
    2. Ancient history:
      • Hindu philosophy, Buddhism and Jainism
      • Mauryan and Gupta Period
      • Art, architecture and scientific development during that period
    3. Medieval history:
      • Important kings such as Sher Shah, Akbar, etc.
      • Delhi Sultanate
    4. Polity:
      • Here, importance should be given on current events, such as any changes in the constitution, new acts or amendments, and schemes
      • Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
      • Committee system, parliament, and parliamentary proceedings
      • Judiciary
      • Constitutional bodies
    5. S&T:
      • For basic science concepts, refer to NCERT books selectively as in-depth knowledge is not needed
      • Focus on current affairs part
    6. Environment and Ecology
      • Important declarations, conventions
      • IUCN’s Red List
      • Biosphere Reserves, Tiger Reserves etc.
      • International bodies
    7. Geography:
      • Solar system
      • Latitudes and longitudes
      • Layers of the atmosphere
      • Global atmospheric wind, cyclones
      • Pressure belts
      • Revolution, rotation and seasons
      • Monsoons
      • Types of rainfall
      • Koeppen classification
      • Jet streams, ocean currents
      • El Nino, La Nina
      • India’s physical geography (NCERT)
      • Rivers, hills, soil (India)
      • Mineral resources (India), Geological history of India
      • Basics of agriculture (NCERT)
      • Maps
    8. Economy:
      • Importance should be given on current events like new bills and important committees
      • focus on basic and fundamental concepts like:
        • Growth and development, poverty, unemployment, inflation
        • State of the national and global economy
        • Major committees and bills
        • Latest budget and economic survey

UPSC Prelims – Trend Analysis

UPSC has established itself to be predictably unpredictable. So, candidates should only see the trends as a reference and not draw too much inference. In the table given below, we have broken down the UPSC Prelims 2019, UPSC Prelims 2020 and UPSC Prelims 2021 GS 1 papers:

UPSC Prelims 2021 GS Paper 1 Subject-Wise Analysis
Subject Number of questions
History 20
Economy 10
Polity 14
Environment & Ecology 11
Geography 10
Science & Technology 08
Current Affairs 27
Total 100
UPSC Prelims 2020 GS Paper 1 Subject-Wise Analysis
Subject Number of questions
History 18
Economy 14
Polity 16
Environment & Ecology 17
Geography 10
Science & Technology 10
Current Affairs 15
Total 100

The commission released the UPSC Prelims Result 2020 on 23rd October.

UPSC Prelims 2019 GS Paper 1 Subject-Wise Analysis
Subject Number of questions
History 17
Economy 14
Polity 15
Environment & Ecology 11
Geography 14
Science & Technology 7
Current Affairs 22
Total 100

For similar analysis and comparison of subject-wise weightage in UPSC Prelims from 2011 to 2021, check the link.

UPSC Prelims – Study Material for IAS preparation

A big part of UPSC preparation is selecting the right study material. Studying from the best Civil services Prelims Books will be both efficient and effective. For both, UPSC Prelims and Mains, NCERTs are a must because of their credibility and easy to understand language.

From the links given below, IAS aspirants can download/view the NCERT books needed for UPSC Prelims preparation.

Free History NCERT Books PDF Download for UPSC Exam Free Geography NCERT Books PDF Download for UPSC Exam
Free Polity NCERT Books PDF Download Free Science NCERT Books PDF Download for UPSC
Free Economics & Social Issues NCERT Books PDF Download Complete List of NCERT Books needed for IAS Exam Preparation

Check the list of UPSC Books here.

Candidates who clear the UPSC IAS Prelims have to fill the Detailed Application Form (DAF) before they can take the Mains Exam.

For 2021, the UPSC Mains are expected to take place in January 2022 tentatively. Aspirants can check the linked article for more details on UPSC Mains.

UPSC Prelims Related Articles:

UPSC Exam Pattern UPSC Notification

Frequently Asked Questions on UPSC Prelims Exam

Q 1. Is the UPSC prelims exam only qualifying in nature?

Ans. Yes, the IAS prelims exam is only qualifying in nature. For the General Studies Paper-1, the cut off varies from year to year. However, for the CSAT paper, 33% is the qualifying criteria.

Q 2. What is the syllabus for UPSC prelims exam?

Ans. The syllabus for GS Paper 1 is current affairs, History of India and Indian National Movement, Indian and World Geography, Economic and Social Development, Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change, and General Science. As for the CSAT paper, it tests the analytical skills, reasoning ability and Interpersonal skills of the candidate. To get the detailed UPSC Prelims Syllabus, visit the linked article.

Q 3. How many exams are there in UPSC Prelims?

Ans. There are two papers in the IAS preliminary examination: GS Paper 1 and GS Paper 2 (CSAT). The maximum marks for each of these papers is 200 and the number of questions asked is 100 and 80, respectively.

Q 4. What is the educational qualification to apply for the civil services prelims exam?

Ans. To apply for the civil services exam, the applicant must possess a minimum of a Bachelor’s degree in any discipline.

Q 5. Is the IAS prelims an offline or online paper?

Ans. The UPSC prelims exam is conducted through offline mode, i.e., the pen and paper mode.


  1. Please provide me the detailed syllabus for Political science as optional subject and please also provide the study materials along with strategies for preparation.

    Thanks a lot

  2. please provide me the detailed syllabus of sociology optional subject

    1. Hi,

      You can download the detailed UPSC Sociology Syllabus for Optional from the linked article.

  3. provide me upsc prelims syllabus of 2020

    1. –> Check/download UPSC Prelims 2020 Syllabus from the linked article

  4. plz provide me math optional book list

    1. Hi Rohit
      Please find the Maths Optional book list in the linked article.

  5. suggest me geology optional book list

    1. Hi Lakshya
      Find the list of important books for Geology optional in the linked article.

  6. Sir Plz Privide me the topics and sub topics of History,Economy, and Geography for cse prelims 2020

    1. Hi Prem
      You can check our UPSC Notes PDF page to find the relevant study materials for the examination.

  7. plz provide me PSIR optional book list

    1. Hi Satvir
      You can get the PSIR Optional book list for the IAS Exam in the linked article.

  8. Plz provide me upsc syllabus for pre and mains and syllabus of public administration optional subject

    1. Hi Noher
      You can get Public Administration syllabus and book list below:
      1. Public Administration Optional Syllabus
      2. Public Administration Optional Book List

  9. Patel Varun Singh

    Pls provide me detailed syllabus of commerce and accountancy optional syllabus and strategy
    And important booklist.

  10. Having only 100+ days for IAS prelims 2020,
    is it essential to study reference books or byju’s notes itself is enough Also plz suggest whether TATA McGraw hills guides are good for both GS & CSAT plz reply soon. Thank you

    1. Hi Vishnubalan
      It is important now to revise what you have studied in the past. You can check our NCERT Notes for UPSC for your reference. NCERTs and good reference books will suffice for UPSC Exam.

  11. Please provide me syllabus of political science optional syllabus and stretagy and important booklist

    1. Hi
      Please check the links below:
      1. PSIR Syllabus
      2. PSIR Booklist
      3. PSIR Strategy

  12. provide me syllabus of psychology

  13. Provide me mains syllabus of the odia optional subject and books list

  14. Please provide GS 4 Ethics notes and strategy. Thanks

    1. Hi
      You can check GS 4 Strategy in the linked article.

  15. Pls provide me chemistry optional book list

  16. Can you please provide me Psychology optional book list.

  17. Pls provided public administration optional subject and syllabus, books

  18. sir, I have passed plus two now. I got a seat on the course BSC. Family & Community Science. if I opt for this degree which optional must be good?

    1. There are several factors to consider while choosing the right optional. You may refer to the post – Which subject to choose as UPSC Mains Optional.

  19. Please provide me geography optional book list And strategy

  20. preparing for next year, can u please provide strategy, notes n current affairs n how do prepare

    1. Check UPSC Exam Strategy here.
      Refer to BYJU’S current affairs at the linked article.

  21. suggest me a book for chemistry optional

  22. please send me psychology strategy for optional

    and send me current affairs monthly notes link or any other related

    1. How to prepare Psychology optional for UPSC can be understood from the linked article.

  23. please provide booklist for economics optional and preparation strategy.

  24. please provide me telugu optional syllabus,booklist and strategy

  25. padmaja raghavendra

    please provide details of the study materials for botany as a optional subject .and regional language kannada
    literature as a option

    1. Hi
      The booklist that you can refer for Botany optional preparation is linked.

  26. Please provide the Syllabus of Anthropology.

  27. sir plz guide me current afairs kha pe pdna hai

  28. When will the online registration for UPSC Civil Services prelim open?

    1. Hi, it is expected soon. You may keep a track of or refer to our UPSC Notification post.

  29. please provide me tamil
    optional syllabus,booklist and strategy

  30. Please provide the syllabus for Upsc syllabus in2021

    1. Hi,
      Download the UPSC Syllabus PDF from here.

  31. Hi,
    To prepare for UPSC 2022, which syllabus should I follow?

    1. Hi,
      Please follow the UPSC syllabus given here. Usually, the Commission doesn’t change the syllabus often. If any changes would occur, same would be reflected on the linked page.


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