Science and Technology or General Science is one of the subjects of UPSC IAS Prelims syllabus. It covers both the conventional and dynamic areas that consist of conceptual and factual question types. The prominence of General Science can be seen from the number of questions asked in the previous years. Hence, here we bring an analysis of the questions asked in the UPSC Prelims question papers, with respect to diseases and disease-causing agents.
For example, E-coli bacteria, virus, worms were in the news. It is the most discussed topic in the science world. The changing climatic patterns and natural disasters have resulted in the emergence of disease. Here we are discussing an essential area from the Biology of the General Science –Diseases and causing agents. About 2- 3 can be asked from this area for UPSC IAS Prelims Examination. Thus, the post-it will be helpful for the upcoming UPSC IAS Prelims Exam.
Bacteria are prokaryotes, a minuscule single-celled organism that grows well in varied environments. They can live inside soil, in the ocean, and inside the human bowel. They can be differentiated by, by their shape, the nature of their cell walls and genetic differences. The bacteria multiply by a process called binary fission.
|Whooping Cough||Bordetella pertussis.|
The virus is a tiny infectious agent that duplicates only inside the living cells of other creatures. These are diverse in nature and can infect animals, plants, and microorganisms and transmitted by biological vectors only. It is made up of a DNA or RNA genome inside a protein shell known as the capsid. Some viruses have an internal or external membrane covering. It lacks enzymes essential for the energy production.
|AIDS||Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)|
|Chicken pox||Varicella-zoster virus.|
|Chikungunya||Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)|
|Dengue fever||Dengue virus|
|Foot and mouth||Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV)|
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A Virus(HAV)|
|Small Pox||Variola virus|
The Protozoa are a varied cluster of unicellular eukaryotic organisms which consume bacteria and other food sources. The diseases caused by Protozoa are life-threatening and dangerous.
|Amoebic dysentery||Entamoeba Histolytica.|
|Kala Azar||Leishmania Donovani.|
|Sleeping sickness||Trypanosoma Brucei.|
Previous year UPSC IAS Prelims questions on diseases and causing agents
Which of the following statements is / are correct? (UPSC IAS Preliminary Exam-2013)
- Viruses lack enzymes necessary for the generation of energy.
- Viruses can be cultured in any synthetic medium.
- Viruses are transmitted from one organism to another by biological vectors only.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
- 1 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
Recently, Foot and mouth disease was in the news. The foot and mouth disease is caused by: