Which is the highest waterfall in the world? Angel Falls called Salto Angel in Venezuela with a height of 979 metres i.e. 3212 ft is the highest waterfall in the world.
The topic, highest waterfall in the world forms an important part of the general awareness section of various competitive exams and Government exams.
This article aims to provide candidates with the list of highest waterfalls in the world, questions on which can be asked in exams like, Bank, SSC, RRB, and sometimes the most coveted UPSC exam as well.
The highest waterfalls in the world list are available in PDF format and candidates will also get information on the famous waterfalls in the world.
|Aspirants of upcoming Government exams can check the following links for assistance-|
Highest Waterfalls in the World
The table below enlists the world’s highest waterfalls (natural waterfalls) based on their heights as well as location.
|Highest Waterfalls In The World (Natural)|
|Waterfalls in the World||Height – Metres/Feets||Locality||Country|
|Angel Falls||979 metres (3,212 ft)||Canaima National Park, Bolívar||Venezuela|
|Tugela Falls||948 metres (3,110 ft)||KwaZulu-Natal||South Africa|
|Tres Hermanas Falls||914 metres (2,999 ft)||Otishi National Park, Junin||Peru|
|Olo’upena Falls||900 metres (2,953 ft)||Molokai, Hawaii||United States|
|Yumbilla Falls||896 metres (2,940 ft)||Amazonas||Peru|
|Vinnufossen||860 metres (2,822 ft)||Møre og Romsdal||Norway|
|Balåifossen||850 metres (2,789 ft)||Hordaland||Norway|
|Pu’uka’oku Falls||840 metres (2,756 ft)||Hawaii||United States|
|James Bruce Falls||840 metres (2,756 ft)||British Columbia||Canada|
|Browne Falls||836 metres (2,743 ft)||Doubtful Sound, Southland||New Zealand|
|Strupenfossen||820 metres (2,690 ft)||Sogn og Fjordane||Norway|
|Ramnefjellsfossen||818 metres (2,684 ft)||Sogn og Fjordane||Norway|
|Waihilau Falls||792 metres (2,598 ft)||Hawaii||United States|
|Colonial Creek Falls||788 metres (2,585 ft)||Washington||United States|
|Mongefossen||773 metres (2,536 ft)||Møre og Romsdal||Norway|
|Gocta Cataracts||771 metres (2,530 ft)||Amazonas||Peru|
|Mutarazi Falls||762 metres (2,500 ft)||Manicaland||Zimbabwe|
|Kjelfossen||755 metres (2,477 ft)||Sogn og Fjordane||Norway|
|Yosemite Falls||739 metres (2,425 ft)||California||United States|
|Cascades de Trou de Fer||725 metres (2,379 ft)||Réunion||France|
|Olmaafossen||720 metres (2,362 ft)||Møre og Romsdal||Norway (Tallest Waterfall in Norway)|
|Manawainui Falls||719 metres (2,359 ft)||Hawaii||United States|
|Kjeragfossen||715 metres (2,346 ft)||Rogaland||Norway|
|Avalanche Basin Falls||707 metres (2,320 ft)||Montana||United States|
|Harrison Basin Falls||707 metres (2,320 ft)||Montana||United States|
|Haloku Falls||700 metres (2,297 ft)||Hawaii||United States|
|Chamberlain Falls||700 metres (2,297 ft)||Southland||New Zealand|
|Alfred Creek Falls||700 metres (2,297 ft)||British Columbia||Canada|
|Døntefossen||700 metres (2,297 ft)||Møre og Romsdal||Norway|
|Brufossen||698 metres (2,290 ft)||Hordaland||Norway|
|Spirefossen||690 metres (2,264 ft)||Sogn og Fjordane||Norway|
|Lake Unknown Falls||680 metres (2,231 ft)||Otago||New Zealand|
|Kukenam, Salto||674 metres (2,211 ft)||Bolívar||Venezuela|
|Yutaj, Salto||671 metres (2,201 ft)||Amazonas||Venezuela|
|La Chorrera Falls||590 metres (1,936 ft)||Cundinamarca||Colombia|
Reference – Wikipedia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_waterfalls_by_height]
Candidates can also go through the list of highest waterfalls in India in the given link.
What are the Types of Waterfalls?
- Cataract: A large, powerful waterfall.
- Horsetail: Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.
- Plunge: Water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.
- Block: Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.
- Multi-step: A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size each with its own sunken plunge pool.
- Segmented: Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.
- Cascade: Water descends a series of rock steps.
- Punchbowl: Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.
- Tiered: Water drops in a series of distinct steps or falls.
- Fan: Water spreads horizontally as it descends while remaining in contact with bedrock.
Famous Waterfalls in the World
Given below are some of the famous waterfalls in the world.
- Iguazu Falls – forms a border between Argentina and brazil. It is the largest waterfall system in the world.
- Niagara Falls – share the international border of Canada and the United States and lie in the states of new york and province of Ontario. It is a collective name of three waterfalls.
- Victoria Falls – One of the Seven natural wonders of the world by CNN. It is in South Africa on the Zambezi river and shares the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia.
- Kaieteur Falls – is in Guyana. It is twice as high as Victoria Falls and 5 times higher than Niagara Falls.
- Angel Falls – are the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfalls.
Candidates can check similar important GK topics in the given links:
|Longest Bridges in India||Largest Volcanoes in the World|
|Highest Mountains in the World||Largest Libraries in the World|
|Highest Peaks in the States of India||Longest Rivers of the World|
|Important Lakes in India||Important Boundaries & Lines of the World|
World’s highest Waterfalls (Artificial Waterfalls)
The table below highlights the artificial highest waterfalls in the world:
|Highest Waterfalls in the World (Artificial)|
|Artificial Waterfall in the world||Height Metres/Feet||Country|
|Cascata Delle Marmore (Created by Ancient Romans) tallest man-made waterfall in the world||165 metres (541 ft)||Parco Fluviale del Nera
|Liebian Waterfall (largest artificial waterfall in the world, tallest waterfall included in a building)||108 metres (354 ft)||Liebian International Plaza
|Rain Vortex – Largest Indoor Waterfall||40 metres (131 ft)||Jewel Changi Airport
|Cloud Forest Indoor Waterfall||35 metres (115 ft)||Cloud Forest, Gardens by the Bay
|Jurong Falls||30 metres (98 ft)||Jurong Bird Park
|Viktoriapark Waterfall||24 metres (79 ft)||Viktoriapark
|Lotte Music Fountain||18.2 metres (60 ft)||Aqua Mall, Lotte Department Store (Busan)
Sample Questions on World’s Highest Waterfalls
To understand the relevance of the world’s highest waterfalls from the competitive exams, it is important to know the types of questions asked in the examination based on the same.
Hence, go through the sample questions given below based on the highest waterfalls in the world.
Q.1. ____ is renowned as the largest waterfall system in the world.
- Victoria Falls
- Iguazu Falls
- Niagara Falls
- Angel Falls
Q.2. Yosemite falls in California is the tallest waterfall in the United States. Its height is?
- 2300 feets
- 2452 feets
- 2245 feets
- 2425 feets
Q.3. The second highest waterfall in the world Tujela is located in?
- South Africa
Q.4. King Edward III waterfall is located in _____.
Q.5. Widow’s Tears or silver strand is a type of ____ in California.
Apart from the above-given questions, candidates can check the previous year questions papers with solution PDF to get more variety of questions and a clear understanding of the types being asked in the examinations.
Aspirants preparing for various competitive exams can go through the following links for their preparation:
The topics covered in the given link are common for all the examinations.
Aspirants must have a clear idea of the entire syllabus for the various government exams and only then can they start their preparation systematically. So given below are a set of links they can refer to:
Aspirants who are looking forward to applying for the Government exams must start their preparation and for any help or assistant can refer to BYJU’S and get the latest information, study material and tips for preparation.