Which is the highest mountain in the world? Mount Everest, the range of Himalayan mountains, is the highest mountain in the world with a height of approximately 8848 metres.
Highest or tallest mountains in the world is an important topic for competitive exams. For various Government Exams like SSC, RRB, Bank, Insurance etc. the topic is covered in general awareness sections. Also, UPSC aspirants might encounter 1- 2 questions related to the tallest/highest mountains in the world in the UPSC preliminary exam.
This article will read about the highest mountains in the world. Candidates will get the list of tallest mountains, their lengths, the mountain range they are associated with and the location.
Candidates will also be able to download the list of the world’s highest mountain PDF comprising details of highest/tallest mountains ranging between [7500 – 8000] metres of height.
|Aspirants of various Government exams can check the given links for assistance:|
Tallest Mountains in the World
What are the two highest mountain ranges in the world? The Himalayas and Karakoram ranges are the highest mountain ranges in the world.
These two mountain ranges envelop 14 highest mountains that are over 8000 metres i.e. more than 29000 feet of height. These mountains are also known as Eight-thousanders.
The table highlights the details of the 14 mountains, the highest mountains in the world.
|Highest Mountains In the World (Height- 8000 metres & above)|
|Mountain||Metres||Feet||Range||Location & Features|
|Lhotse||8,516||27,940||Himalayas||Nepal/China – Climbers ascend Lhotse Face in climbing Everest|
|Cho Oyu||8,201||26,906||Himalayas||Nepal/China – Considered “easiest” eight-thousander|
|Dhaulagiri||8,167||26,795||Himalayas||Nepal – Presumed world’s highest from 1808-1838|
|Annapurna||8,091||26,545||Himalayas||Nepal – First eight-thousander to be climbed (1950)|
|Gasherbrum I (Hidden peak; K5)||8,080||26,509||Karakoram||
India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)
|Broad Peak||8,051||26,414||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Gasherbrum II (K4)||8,035||26,362||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)/China Border|
Reference – Wikipedia [wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mountains_by_elevation]
Now, go through the list of tallest mountains in the world over 7500 metres. You can also download the full list of 50+ highest mountains in the world PDF for convenience.
|Highest Mountains in the World (Height – 7500 metres & above)|
|Mountain||Metres||Feet||Range||Location and Notes|
|Gasherbrum III||7,952||26,089||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Gyachung Kang||7,952||26,089||Himalayas||Nepal (Khumbu)/China|
|Gasherbrum IV (K3)||7,932||26,024||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Distaghil Sar||7,885||25,869||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Ngadi Chuli||7,871||25,823||Himalayas||Manaslu, Nepal|
|Nuptse||7,861||25,791||Himalayas||Everest Massif, Nepal|
|Khunyang Chhish||7,852||25,761||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Masherbrum (K1)||7,821||25,659||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Nanda Devi||7,816||25,643||Himalayas||India (Uttarakhand)|
|Chomo Lonzo||7,804||25,604||Himalayas||Makalu Massiff, Nepal/China|
|Batura Sar||7,795||25,574||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Kanjut Sar||7,790||25,558||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Rakaposhi||7,788||25,551||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Tirich Mir||7,708||25,289||Hindu Kush||Pakistan – #1 in Hindu Kush|
|Molamenqing||7,703||25,272||Himalayas||Shishapangma group, China|
|Gurla Mandhata||7,694||25,243||Himalayas (Nalakankar)||China|
|Saser Kangri||7,672||25,171||Karakoram||India (Jammu and Kashmir)|
|Chogolisa||7,665||25,148||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Kongur Tagh||7,649||25,095||Pamir or Kunlun Mountains||China|
|Shispare||7,611||24,970||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Silberzacken||7,597||24,925||Himalaya||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Changtse||7,583||24,879||Himalayas||Everest Massif, China|
|Trivor||7,577||24,859||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Gongga Shan||7,556||24,790||Daxue Shan||Sichuan, China|
|Kula Kangri||7,554||24,783||Himalayas||China (possibly also Bhutan)|
|Muztagh Ata||7,546||24,757||Kongur Tagh||China (Xinjiang)|
|Skyang Kangri||7,545||24,754||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Yukshin Gardan Sar||7,530||24,705||Karakoram||India (currently under the illegal occupation of Pakistan)|
|Saser Kangri II||7,518||24,665||Karakoram||India|
Candidates preparing for competitive exams can check relevant articles for General Awareness section:
|Longest Bridges in India||Famous Books and Authors|
|List of Sports Terms||Largest Libraries in the World|
|IPL Winners List||Longest Rivers of the World|
|List of Country, Capital & Currency||Important Boundaries & Lines of the World|
Sample Questions – Highest Mountains in the World General Awareness
Understanding the relevance of the highest/tallest mountains in the world for competitive exams is important for better preparation for which it is important to know the types of questions asked in the examination based on it.
Given below are sample question asked in the general awareness section of competitive exams for mountains peaks of the world:
Q.1. What is the height of Mount Everest above sea level?
- 25059 feets
- 29029 feets
- 27059 feets
- 29039 feets
Answer (2) 29029 feet above sea level.
Q.2. Which Mountain from the eight-thousanders has the highest fatality rate?
- Cho Oyu
Answer (3) Annapurna
Q.3. Where is the smallest mountain in the world?
- United States
Answer (1) Australia
Q.4. Which country has no mountains?
- Hong Kong
Answer (3) Belarus
Q.5. Which is the smallest mountain in the world?
- Les Platons, Jersey
- Britton Hill, Florida
- Bukit Timah Hill, Singapore
- Wycheproof, Australia
Answer (4) Wycheproof, Australia
Apart from the sample questions given above, candidates can check Previous Year Question Papers with solution PDF to understand the type of questions asked in the general awareness section of these examinations.
Candidates appearing for any of the government examinations can check the details and syllabus from the given links: