Element 1: Hydrogen
The first element to come across is Hydrogen whose chemical symbol is H. Hydrogen is the first and most basic amongst all the elements in the universe. The hydrogen is the lightest element in the periodic table, and 90% of all the atoms in the universe are hydrogen atoms.
Element 2: Helium
Helium is the element which you can find on the upper right side of the periodic table with atomic number 2. It comes first amongst the family of the noble gasses.Helium holds one atomic orbital and was named by Lockyer and Frankland.
Element 3: Lithium
Lithium is the metal which comes first in the alkalis of the periodic table. Lithium is the lightest solid metal. It’s silver-white, soft having low melting point and reactive.. Many physical and chemical properties of Lithium are very much similar to alkaline earth metals than to those of its group.
Element 4: Beryllium
Beryllium is a highly toxic bivalent element. It’s durable, lightweight and steel gray, primarily used as a hardening agent in alloys. Beryllium has one of the highest melting points among the light metals.
Element 5: Boron
Boron is a non-metallic element being the only non-metal among the group 13 of the elements of the periodic table. Boron is part of larger compounds, and it will be either in a crystal or brown powder.
Element 6: Carbon
The chemical properties of Carbon are unique since it forms many components which are superior to the total addition of all other combination of elements. Carbon exists in almost every biological compound that is part of our body, organs, cells and systems.
Element 7: Nitrogen
The seventh element of the periodic table between carbon and oxygen is Nitrogen. It’s an important part of amino acids. Around eighty percent of the Earth’s atmosphere comprises of nitrogen gas.
Element 8: Oxygen
We consume oxygen each and every second while breathing. We require oxygen to survive and so as all living organisms. Earth is the only planet in the solar system with enough oxygen blankets to make life possible.
Element 9: Fluorine
Fluorine is a poisonous gas at room temperature and reactive with other elements which can combine with nearly any element on Earth. It is pale yellow-green and most electronegative among all the other elements.
Element 10: Neon
Neon is reddish-orange colored in neon lamps and vacuum discharge tubes and second-lightest noble gas. Neon is less expensive refrigerant than helium in many applications
Element 11: Sodium
Sodium is a member of alkali metal family with lithium and potassium. Being one of the two elements in our table salt is it’s biggest claim to fame. We get sodium chloride (NaCl) when sodium bonds with chlorine (Cl). It is also used as a salt in fertilizers.
Element 12: Magnesium
Magnesium is the most chemically active element. In boiling water, the place of hydrogen is taken by Magnesium and a number of metals can be produced using thermal reduction of its salts and oxidised forms with magnesium.
Element 13: Aluminum
You are perhaps acquainted with the metal Al or aluminum. Several of you cover your parathas with aluminum foil. Then again, countless families also cook with the foil. Being such a pro with aluminum, you by this time know that the metal is very reflective and a silver-white color.
Element 14: Silicon
A close relative of carbon (C) in the periodic table is silicon (Si). Silicon is found universally in our world but is not found individually in our environment. You will, at all times find silicon bound to other elements, for instance, oxygen (O).
Element 15: Phosphorus
Despite the fact that for thousands of years people have been using periodic table with phosphorus (P) in it, it was not until 1669 that it was secluded and termed by a chemist named Brand. Phosphorus is an element that one will under no circumstances find freely in our environment. It is extremely reactive.
Element 16: Sulfur
Sulfur (S) is an element that can never be overlooked. In color, it is bright yellow, and it has an extremely bad odor (like eggs gone bad). Outside the apparent physical characters of sulfur, humans have been consuming this element since a thousand years.
Element 17: Chlorine
Chlorine (Cl) every time takes us back resting outside near the pool on a summary day. There’s that slight punitive smell that continuously originated from the area with the filters of the pool. It wasn’t until 1774 that a chemist called Davy secluded the chlorine gas
Element 18: Argon
It’s amusing how it took experts until 1894 to notice the most normal noble gas on Earth. That’s true, argon (Ar) occupies a little above one percent of our atmosphere. Sir William Ramsay and Lord Rayleigh revealed and secluded argon gas, but it’s funny the amount of time it took.
Element 19: Potassium
Potassium is the first element of the fourth row (period). The term potassium arises from a material called Potash. For hundreds of years, the compound has been used and has the chemical formula KOH
Element 20: Calcium
You may have overheard of calcium beforehand. Calcium (Ca) is a vital element that aids our bones stay tough and capable to support our load. Calcium is also used by our nervous system to help transmit impulses through our body.
Element 21: Scandium
Scandium is mined from one of the rare minerals from Scandinavia. The colour it develops when exposed to air is yellowish or pinkish cast. One of the characteristics of Scandium is it gets tarnished and burned easily if ignited. It also reacts with hydrogen gas and will dissolve in acids.
Element 22: Titanium
Tantalum is a shiny, silvery metal which is soft when is pure. It is almost immune to chemical attack at temperatures below 150 C. Tantalum is virtually resistant to corrosion due to an oxide film on its surface.
Element 23: Vanadium
A rare, soft, ductile grey-white element that is found combined in minerals and used to produce alloys is Vanadium. Due to protective film of oxide on the surface it resists corrosion. It’s now used in nuclear power plants and several purification processes
Element 24: Chromium
Chromium is a brittle, lustrous, hard metal which has a silver-gray colour and is highly polished. It burns when heated, and the compound that it forms is a green chromic oxide.
Element 25: Manganese
Manganese, a chemical element that has a symbol Mn and atomic number 25. This element is not found as a free element in nature but available in combination with iron and other minerals. It is a metal that has important metal alloy uses and particularly in stainless steel.
Element 26: Iron
Iron is a metal, an element of group VIII of the periodic table. It is a lustrous, ductile, malleable, silver-gray in colour. Iron is the tenth most abundant element in the universe. Iron is found in a major amount at the core of the Earth in a molten form.
Element 27: Cobalt
The element Cobalt belongs to the group VIII of the periodic table. It is similar to iron and nickel in its physical properties. Cobalt is found in plants and animals, air, water, soil, rocks.
Element 28: Nickel
Nickel is a transition metal, with an atomic weight of 28, located in the fourth period/row on the table of elements. Nickel is an essential nutrient for body but it’s over intake can cause harm.
Element 29: Copper
For thousands of years, Copper is a metal that has been a part of our civilization. Silver, gold, copper and Iron all have been made use of in one form or another. While one may not consider copper being used for something other than coins, it is a crucial element in the creation of bronze
Element 30: Zinc
Zinc is one more of those advantageous metals that we make use of daily. It’s part of those elements which humans have been expanding for thousands of years. One can find zinc in alloys, minerals, and even our bodies
Element 31: Gallium
Gallium, a chemical element, the metal of main Group 13 of the periodic table. Solid gallium is of blue-gray metal having orthorhombic crystalline structure whereas very pure gallium is coated with stunning silvery color
Element 32: Germanium
Germanium, a chemical element places between silicon and tin in Group 14 of the periodic table. A hard, gray – white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between the metals and the nonmetals
Element 33: Arsenic
Arsenic, a chemical element placed in the nitrogen group of the periodic table that exists in both the gray and yellow crystalline forms. It is present in three allotropic forms- black, yellow and grey. A silver-gray and brittle crystalline solid are the stable form
Element 34: Selenium
Selenium is a chemical element that is placed in the oxygen group of the periodic table. It is often found in combination with metals like mercury, copper, silver or lead. It is combined with the physical properties of elements like tellurium and sulfur.
Element 35: Bromine
Bromine is a chemical element which is of deep red, noxious liquid and one of the members of the halogen elements of the periodic table. This element is reddish brown liquid added with an appreciable vapor pressure at room temperature.Bromine vapors show amber color
Element 36: Krypton
Krypton is a chemical element and a rare gas of the Group 18 of the periodic table. This gas is almost three times heavier than the air. It is colorless, tasteless, monatomic and odorless. This gas is more plentiful in Earth’s atmosphere as its traces are present in minerals and meteorites.
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