Metals and Non-metals
‘Chemistry’ is one of the branches of science that deals with the properties as well as physical and chemical characteristics of matter or substances and its interaction with the energy. There is a lot of difference that can be seen when you compare the Basic Chemistry and the Modern chemistry. The Basic Chemistry originated in the ancient times at the times of famous scientists naming Alchemists. It explained all the basics of the subject which were concluded after a series of experiments whereas the Modern Chemistry prevailed in the 17th century which laid systematic steps in gaining knowledge. The modern chemistry brought about various theories which finally became successful in continuing through.
Branches of Chemistry
In general, there are said to be five branches of Chemistry namely organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry and physical chemistry. The details about them are explained below-
- Organic Chemistry– It is a branch of chemistry which deals with the study of carbon-based compounds. It mainly applies to the study of the behavior, characteristics, compositions and the properties of the organic compounds. It is also known to as Chemistry of Life.
- Inorganic Chemistry– A branch of chemistry that deals with the study of metals and gaseous matter or materials which does not contain carbon as an element in it is called as Inorganic chemistry. It is opposite to that of Organic Chemistry.
- Physical Chemistry– The combined study of physics and chemistry is called as Physical chemistry. This branch relates to the physical properties along with the structure of matter and energy. The sub-branches coming under this field are quantum physics and thermodynamics.
- Biochemistry– Biochemistry is a branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the chemical processes that takes place in living organisms. Hence the name Bio.
- Analytical Chemistry– It is a field of chemistry that studies about the properties of matter, along with the composition of different substances and materials. This branch of chemistry uses quantitative methods for the identification of chemical and physical properties of matter.
Chemistry Reactions and Examples
As you might be aware of the common salt which we use in our foods, Have you ever observed what happens when the elements of these substances are involved in reactions? Consider the sodium element when it reacts with water it produces a kind of hissing sound by giving out hydrogen gas. This is due to the chemical reaction which makes it happen. The equation for this chemical reaction is as given as follows-
Na + H2O——————- NaOH + H2
On more reaction would be the chemical reaction between the sodium and chlorine. There is a formation of Sodium chloride or commonly known as common salt. Likewise, there are many chemical reactions taking place within and around us all which are the phenomenon of chemistry.
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry has a wide number of applications coming in various fields which are given below-
- Food Chemistry
- Environmental chemistry
- Chemical engineering
- Agricultural chemistry, etc.
Learning Chemistry Online – How is it helpful
Chemistry is a subject that involves fun. Meanwhile, it also requires a good imagination to understand the deeper insights of the topics. Many students find it hard when going through chemical reactions and formulas. These things need an imaginative study. In the old way blackboard learning, there might be few topics which the student might have been missed or would not be understood.
Hence Online learning is so preferred because it enhances the learning skills of students. They tend to enjoy while learning things. A student can easily fetch a topic which he/she has missed in the classroom. Here at Byju’s, the students are offered with some engaging and fully structured video formats from experts and the methods of studying explained will widen their learning ability. At Byju’s, the chemistry topics are taught with good diagrams in an active way which would never forget about. A student is provided with chemistry quiz programs, regular tests and interactive study sessions with our experts for the class 6 to class 12.
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