Ammonium Oxalate - C2H8N2O4

What is Ammonium Oxalate?

Ammonium Oxalate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula C2H8N2O4. It is also called as diammonium oxalate or diammonium salt.

Ammonium Oxalate is an oxalate salt with ammonium. Ammonium Oxalate is a strong dicarboxylic acid. This compound consists of ammonium ions and oxalate ions in a ratio of 2:1.

Under standard conditions, it is a colorless to white salt. It is odorless and non-volatile in nature. It mixes slowly with water. It occurs naturally in many vegetables and plants.

Properties of Ammonium Oxalate – C2H8N2O4

C2H8N2O4 Ammonium Oxalate
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 124.1 g/mol
Density 1.5 at 65.3° F
Appearance White solid
Melting Point 70°C
  • It is a colorless crystalline solid with a melting point of 374.5K in hydrated form and 463K in anhydrous form.
  • It is soluble in water and alcohol but insoluble in ether.

Ammonium Oxalate Structure – C2H8N2O4

Structure of Ammonium Oxalate

Structure of Ammonium Oxalate

C2H8N2O4 Uses (Ammonium Oxalate)

  • It is found in the body of vertebrates which is produced by metabolism of ascorbic acid or glyoxylic acid.
  • Ammonium oxalate exists in mineral form as Oxammite.
  • It is used as a reducing agent.
  • It is used as an analytical reagent.
  • To preserve blood outside the body, it is used as an anticoagulant.

Health Hazard

  • Ammonium oxalate dust upon ingestion or excessive inhalation causes systemic poisoning.
  • Contact with eyes causes irritation. Contact with skin causes irritation of severe burns.
  • Absorbed through skin. Contact with skin causes irritation and a physician should be contacted if anyone develops any signs or symptoms and suspects that they are caused by exposure to ammonium oxalate.

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