Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Introduction

Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a colorless and odorless gas, which is produced by the combustion of materials that contain carbon. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning can result in brain damage and even death. As carbon monoxide is a colorless and odorless gas we can’t see, smell, or taste it, but it can be fatal for human beings.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Causes of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon monoxide is formed when organic compounds are burned in the presence of oxygen. Exhaust gases from the motor vehicles, engine fumes, fire smoke and non-electric heaters are the most common source of carbon monoxide production. Carbon monoxide is found in any combustion fumes that are produced by the following sources:

  • Boats Engines
  • Car Engines
  • Car mufflers
  • Charcoal grills
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Degreasers
  • Fireplaces
  • Gas water heaters
  • Gasoline and diesel powered generators
  • Gasoline powered concrete saws
  • Indoor tractor pulls
  • Kerosene space heaters
  • Non-Electric heaters
  • Paint removers
  • Portable generators
  • Propane heaters and stoves
  • Propane-fueled forklifts
  • Solvents
  • Space heaters
  • Spray paint

Symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Breathing in a large amount of carbon monoxide can replace the oxygen in the blood with CO. If this happens, a person will become unconscious and can be life-threatening. The symptoms of excessive consumption of CO are as follows:

  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Death

Prevention of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

To avoid getting poisoned by carbon monoxide proper preventive measures must be taken. Some of the preventive measures are given below.

  • There must be plenty of ventilation in houses with lots of traffics or factories in the area.
  • CO Detectors must be used and placed near the source of CO.
  • Sleeping near a kerosene or a gas space heater must be prevented.
  • The symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning should never be ignored.

Practise This Question

Elements of which of the following groups will form anions most readily?