Urea - CH4N2O

What is Urea?

Urea is a nitrogenous compound formed in the liver. It has a chemical formula of CH4N2O. It is also known as Carbamide or Ureophil. This compound is the final end product of protein metabolism. It is a waste product and has no physiological function. It dissolves in blood and kidney excretes it in urine. This organic compound has two NH2 groups connected by a functional group carbonyl. Urea dissolves in water and is non-toxic. It is colorless and has no smell. It is widely used as an important raw material in industries and commonly used in fertilizers.

Properties of Urea – CH4N2O

CH4N2O Urea
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 60.06 g/mol
Density 1.32 g/cm3
Appears White solid
Melting Point 133 °C

Urea structure – CH4N2O

Urea structure

CH4N2O Uses (Urea)

  • It is used as a nitrogen-release fertilizer
  • It is used as a stabilizer in nitrocellulose explosives
  • It is used in lanthanide chemistry as an important reagent
  • It is used in the manufacturing of high explosive like urea nitrate
  • It used in creams or ointments to rehydrate skin
  • It is used in the urea breath test to detect the presence of bacteria in the stomach
  • It is used as an ingredient in dish soap
  • It is used in hair removal creams
  • It is used in making pretzels as a browning agent
  • It is used in the manufacture of melamine

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Learn more about the properties, production and the structure of CH4N2O from the expert faculties at BYJU’S.

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