What is Urea?
Urea is a nitrogenous compound formed in the liver. It has a chemical formula of CH4N2O. It is also known as Carbamide or Ureophil. This compound is the final end product of protein metabolism. It is a waste product and has no physiological function. It dissolves in blood and kidney excretes it in urine. This organic compound has two NH2 groups connected by a functional group carbonyl. Urea dissolves in water and is non-toxic. It is colorless and has no smell. It is widely used as an important raw material in industries and commonly used in fertilizers.
Properties of Urea – CH4N2O
|Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass||60.06 g/mol|
|Melting Point||133 °C|
Urea structure – CH4N2O
CH4N2O Uses (Urea)
- It is used as a nitrogen-release fertilizer
- It is used as a stabilizer in nitrocellulose explosives
- It is used in lanthanide chemistry as an important reagent
- It is used in the manufacturing of high explosive like urea nitrate
- It used in creams or ointments to rehydrate skin
- It is used in the urea breath test to detect the presence of bacteria in the stomach
- It is used as an ingredient in dish soap
- It is used in hair removal creams
- It is used in making pretzels as a browning agent
- It is used in the manufacture of melamine
Learn more about the properties, production and the structure of CH4N2O from the expert faculties at BYJU’S.