The activity of movement and control of water resources to minimize the damage to property and life and also to maximize the efficient beneficial use is known as water management. If the management of water is good in dams and levees it reduces the risk of harm caused due to flooding. Water management is a process of developing, optimizing and planning of water resources via many practices which are defined by many policies and regulations. With the increase in the population which has been doubled to over 6 billion people from 1900, the use of water has popped up to 600%. According to the statistics, the health of people is threatened by inadequate access to clean water for drinking and sanitation.
Different methods to Conserving Water
With a well-planned system, water is supplied to many places regularly in a city. This is generally planned by civic authorities in a city. But many times we observe that some amount of water is wasted through leakage of pipe and many other reasons. As we know that proper water management is necessary for the conservation of water. Thus civic authorities must take care of these reasons while supplying water to our homes.
We usually observe that most of the rainwater gets wasted although it is the most precious natural resource. This rainwater can be used to recharge the groundwater by a technique known as rainwater harvesting.
Farmers can play an important role in water management by using a technique called drip irrigation. In this technique, plants are watered using narrow tubes and this water is directly delivered at the base of the plant.
We can also play an important role in minimizing the wastage of the water we use. Some of those habits can be turning off the taps while brushing, mopping the floor instead of washing.
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