|Discovered by||Einsteinium was discovered as a component of the debris of the first hydrogen bomb explosion in 1952.|
What is Einsteinium?
- Einsteinium is a synthetic element and a part of the periodic table with atomic number 99.
- Einsteinium which is transuranium was discovered during the analysis of nuclear products recovered from debris following a thermonuclear explosion (Weapon test device, “Mike”, November 1952) in the Pacific Ocean. Through initial investigations, fermium and other element were discovered.
- The second element was named in honor of Albert Einstein, and given the symbol, it is produced through a chain of nuclear reactions that involves bombarding each isotope then allowing isotope beta decay.
Properties of Einsteinium
|Group||Actinides||Melting point||860°C, 1580°F, 1133 K|
|Block||f||Density (g cm−3)||Unknown|
|Atomic number||99||Relative atomic mass|||
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||252Es|
|Electron configuration||[Rn] 5f117s2||CAS number||7429-92-7|
|ChemSpider ID||22356||ChemSpider is a free chemical database|
Uses of Einsteinium
- Only tiny amounts of einsteinium have ever been produced, it is mainly used in scientific studies. Radioactive decay can be discovered through Einsteinium.
- It is among the heaviest element on which bulk studies can be performed.
- It has a few medical uses but they are not commercial.
- It is used majorly to study radiation damage, targeted radiation medical treatments and for accelerated aging.