Structure of Benzene

What is Benzene?

Benzene is one of the most commonly known aromatic compounds with chemical formula C6H6. It is one of the organic and simplest aromatic hydrocarbon and the parent compound of which has about a numerous number of important aromatic compounds. The compound appears like a colourless liquid having a characteristic odour. This compound is primarily utilized for producing polystyrene. It is said to be highly toxic in nature and is also known as a carcinogen; which exposure to this may lead to leukaemia.

Benzene Structure

History of Benzene

Benzene was discovered in the year 1825 by Michael Faraday in illuminating gas. In the year 1834, a German chemist naming Eilhardt Mitscherlich heated the benzoic acid with lime, which produced benzene. Later In the year 1845, a German chemist named A.W. von Hofmann isolated this benzene from coal tar.

Benzene is widely utilized chemicals that are involved in various manufacturing products that we use daily such as plastics, detergents, and rubber.

Structure of Benzene

The structural representation of benzene is as shown in the figure below. The chemical formula for benzene is C6H6, i.e it has 6 hydrogen- H atoms and six carbon- C atoms and has an average mass of about 78.112. The structure has six carbon ring which is represented by a hexagon and it includes 3- double bonds. The carbon atoms are represented by a corner which is bonded to other atoms.

Benzene Ring

Benzene Ring Structure

In benzene, the atoms are hydrogens. The double bonds within this structure are mainly separated by a single bond, hence this arrangement is recognized to have conjugated double bonds. A circle is used as an alternative symbol inside the hexagon that is used to represent six pi electrons.

Due to the chemical formula, benzene is categorized as a hydrocarbon. It is a compound consisting of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. The formulas and structure reveal benzene as a pure aromatic hydrocarbon, wherein it is also defined as a compound composing hydrogen & carbon having alternate double bonds in the form of the ring.

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Frequently asked questions

What is the chemical formula of Benzene?


Explain the structure of C6H6 (Benzene).

Benzene has six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms.

Briefly describe the chemical structure of Benzene.

A hexagonal ring with alternate double bonds. The chemical structure of benzene has one hydrogen atom for each carbon atom.

What are the three important steps to produce benzene industrially?

The following three chemical processes contribute equally to the production of benzene at an industrial level:

  • Catalytic reforming
  • Toluene hydrodealkylation, and
  • Steam cracking.

Briefly explain the shape of benzene.

Benzene has a ring structure which consists of six carbon atoms that are bonded in a planar or flat hexagon ring.

Is C6H6 toxic to humans?

The Department of Health and Human Services has stated that C6H6 can cause cancer (a carcinogen).

What discovered the structure of benzene?

Friedrich August Kekule.

List any 3 food items that contain benzene.

  • Pineapple Crush
  • Giant Light Cranberry Juice Cocktail
  • AquaCal Strawberry Flavored Water Beverage

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The IUPAC name of the following compound is

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