Clothing Fabric

CLOTHING FABRIC

Clothes existed as long back as 100,000 years ago. Flax fibers were the first put to use as clothing fabric  or dress materials followed by cotton. Closely followed by other fibers like rush, reed, palm and papyrus have used together with linen or flax to make ropes, fabrics, and other clothes. Silk was first introduced as a fabric in China. In modern days, clothing becomes mechanized, where machines have more to do with making a cloth from dress material. Nevertheless, the clothing fabric or the dress material remains the same.

 

Clothing Fabric

Clothing Material

We begin with the most common,

  1. Cotton: It is derived from a plant fiber of a tropical plant. Cotton is the most common type of fabric and basis of over 30 types of textiles. It is naturally derived from the cotton plant and extremely durable. Cotton is also known as the fabric of life. Not only this, but it is also an extremely easy fabric to take care of and good for the environment.
  2. Linen: Linen is a natural fiber derived from the fibers flax plant. It is known and highly valued for its fresh and cool feel. Some fabrics like cotton or hemp are mistakenly called linen when woven in that fashion. It has been used for thousands of years and traced back to the ancient Greece. It’s cool and lightweight nature is perfect for summer months.
  3. Polyester: It is a synthetic fabric made from byproducts of petroleum and coal, mixed with water and air. But it is quite flammable and has low water absorbance. Polyester is a miracle textile originated in 1951. Its advantage is that it is wearable over and over without losing color or shape.
  4. Silk: It is one of the oldest and most luxurious fabrics that first came up in china. This protein fiber is obtained from the cocoons of the mulberry moth. The clothing material or dress material reflects light, giving it an extremely beautiful sheen.
  5. Wool: It is a natural protein fiber derived from hair and fur of different animals, like bears, sheep, etc. The fibers are shorter than silk and generally tend to form a weave. Wool is allergic but keeps one extremely warm. It might be itchy though and shrinks with regular wash especially in hot water.

Nylon, velvet, hemp, cashmere are other dress materials. To know more download Byju’s-The Learning app.


Practise This Question

In a closed container of constant volume, the pressure of water exhibits an interesting dependence on temperature - 

The point D (273.16 K,0.006 atm) is called the triple point, Tp, of water, where all there phases coexist. What is the observed phase change when the temperature is increased from -100C to +100C, while maintaining a constant pressure of 0.006 atm?