Uses of Gypsum

What is Gypsum?

Gypsum mineral is non-toxic. It is a very common sulfate. Represented as CaSO4.2H2O and chemically known as calcium sulfate dihydrate. It consists of water, calcium sulfate attached to oxygen. It is useful to animals, humans, plants.

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Let’s see some other uses of gypsum in various ways.

Gypsum Uses

It helps in preventing cracks by acting as wadding in gypsum wall board combined compound. It is mostly used for this process. It is also used in the manufacture of Plaster of Paris, ornamental purpose and more.

Below are the gypsum uses in different forms:

  • Uses of gypsum powder
  • Uses of gypsum in agriculture
  • Uses of gypsum board
  • Other uses of gypsum

1. Uses of Gypsum Powder

On heating gypsum stone a white coloured powder is obtained. This white powder is smooth and is called gypsum powder. Gypsum is first crushed, heat-dried and then powdered. It is used as fertilizer. It prevents soil erosion, improves soil composition, helps the movement of water and air, facilitates root growth. It balances micronutrients like zinc, iron etc. Gypsum powder is also used in making drywalls. Also, different types of tofu are prepared by gypsum powder

2. Uses of Gypsum in Agriculture

It gives nutrients to plants by providing sulphur and calcium. Calcium helps in the absorption of nutrients in the roots. Sulphur improves crop yield. It has the ability to improve acid soils. It helps in treating aluminium toxicity. Soil can get waterlogged due to the presence of increased sodium, excess water and swelling clay. Gypsum helps in the process of improving the water infiltration

3. Uses of Gypsum Board

Gypsum board is also known as plasterboard, drywall or wall board. It consists of the paper surface and non-combustible core. These boards are easy to install. It has excellent fire resistance. Helps in sound isolation by preventing the transfer of unnecessary sound. It is less expensive and has great durability.

4. Other Uses of Gypsum

It can be added to still water to separate the impurities. Example – Adding it to ponds so the dirt particles settle down without harming the aquatic life. It helps in creating orthopaedic and surgical casts. It can be consumed by humans and so it is present in food. As an additive ice cream, flour, blue cheese, white bread etc.

This was brief on gypsum uses in our daily life. To know more about the uses of gypsum download the BYJU’S – the learning app.

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