Uses of Gypsum

Gypsum mineral is a non toxic. It is a very common sulfate. Represented as CaSO4.2H2O and chemically known as calcium sulfate dihydrate. It consists of water, calcium, sulfate attached to oxygen. It is useful to animals, humans, plants. Let’s see some other uses of gypsum in various ways.

Uses of gypsum

It helps in preventing cracks by acting as wadding in gypsum wallboard combined compound. It is mostly used for this process. It is also used in the manufacture of plaster of paris, ornamental purpose and more. Below are the gypsum uses in different forms:

  • Uses of gypsum powder
  • Uses of gypsum in agriculture
  • Uses of gypsum board
  • Other uses of gypsum

Uses of gypsum powder:

On heating gypsum stone a white colored powder is obtained. This white powder is smooth and is called gypsum powder. Gypsum is first crushed, heat dried and then powdered. It is used as fertilizer. It prevents soil erosion, improves soil composition, helps movement of water and air, facilitates root growth.It balances micronutrients like zinc, iron etc. Gypsum powder is also used in making dry walls. Also, different types of tofu is prepared by gypsum powder

Uses of gypsum in agriculture:

It gives nutrients to plants by providing sulfur and calcium. Calcium helps in the absorption of nutrients in the roots. Sulfur improves crop yield. It has the ability to improve acid soils. It helps in treating aluminium toxicity. Soil ca get waterlogged due to the presence of increased sodium, excess water and swelling clay. Gypsum helps in the process of improving the water infiltration

Uses of gypsum board:

Gypsum board is also known as plasterboard, drywall or wallboard. It consists of paper surface and noncombustible core. These boards are easy to install. It has excellent fire resistance. Helps in sound isolation by preventing the transfer of unnecessary sound. It is less expensive and has great durability.

Other uses of gypsum:

It can be added to still water to separate the impurities. Example – Adding it to ponds so the dirt particles settle down without harming the aquatic life. It helps in creating orthopedic and surgical casts. It can be consumed by humans and so it is present in food. As an additive ice cream, flour, blue cheese, white bread etc.

This was a brief ongypsum usesin our daily life. To know more about the uses of gypsum download the BYJU’S – the learning app.


Practise This Question

If an atom has 2 electrons in its outermost shell. Which of the following options can be the atomic number of that atom?