Uses of Gypsum

What is Gypsum?

Gypsum mineral is non-toxic. It is a very common sulfate. Represented as CaSO4.2H2O and chemically known as calcium sulfate dihydrate. It consists of water, calcium sulfate attached to oxygen. It is useful to animals, humans, plants.

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Let’s see some other uses of gypsum in various ways.

Gypsum Uses

It helps in preventing cracks by acting as wadding in gypsum wall board combined compound. It is mostly used for this process. It is also used in the manufacture of Plaster of Paris, ornamental purpose and more.

Below are the gypsum uses in different forms:

  • Uses of gypsum powder
  • Uses of gypsum in agriculture
  • Uses of gypsum board
  • Other uses of gypsum

1. Uses of Gypsum Powder

On heating gypsum stone a white coloured powder is obtained. This white powder is smooth and is called gypsum powder. Gypsum is first crushed, heat-dried and then powdered. It is used as fertilizer. It prevents soil erosion, improves soil composition, helps the movement of water and air, facilitates root growth. It balances micronutrients like zinc, iron etc. Gypsum powder is also used in making drywalls. Also, different types of tofu are prepared by gypsum powder

2. Uses of Gypsum in Agriculture

It gives nutrients to plants by providing sulphur and calcium. Calcium helps in the absorption of nutrients in the roots. Sulphur improves crop yield. It has the ability to improve acid soils. It helps in treating aluminium toxicity. Soil can get waterlogged due to the presence of increased sodium, excess water and swelling clay. Gypsum helps in the process of improving the water infiltration

3. Uses of Gypsum Board

Gypsum board is also known as plasterboard, drywall or wall board. It consists of the paper surface and non-combustible core. These boards are easy to install. It has excellent fire resistance. Helps in sound isolation by preventing the transfer of unnecessary sound. It is less expensive and has great durability.

4. Other Uses of Gypsum

It can be added to still water to separate the impurities. Example – Adding it to ponds so the dirt particles settle down without harming the aquatic life. It helps in creating orthopaedic and surgical casts. It can be consumed by humans and so it is present in food. As an additive ice cream, flour, blue cheese, white bread etc.

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

Is Gypsum harmful to humans?

The long-term adverse medical consequences of gypsum intake do not occur. Wash your teeth and drink lots of water if swallowed. Plaster powders / dust can potentially irritate or irritate the respiratory system in the eyes or delicate skin. Short term can be any impact.

Where are gypsum found?

Gypsum rock is found worldwide and deposits extend from Baja, Mexico, across Utah and from southwest Texas to the Niagara River in New York State in North America. Nova Scotia is home to the largest gypsum quarry in the world and is owned by National Gypsum.

Is Gypsum dangerous to humans?

According to EU CLP Rules, gypsum goods are not listed as harmful. The long-term adverse medical consequences of gypsum intake do not occur. Wash your teeth and drink lots of water if swallowed. Plaster powders / dust can potentially irritate or irritate the respiratory system in the eyes or delicate skin.

How Gypsum is formed?

Millions of years ago, before salt water oceans filled much of the globe, gypsum deposits were formed, and as they receded, inland “dead” waters were formed that grew more and more saline as evaporation began. They formed different compounds in turn as certain salts precipitated, one of which was gypsum.

What is plaster of Paris used for?

The Plaster of Paris is a construction material used on walls and floors as a protective covering. For decorative elements, it is often used as a moulding and casting agent. It is used to provide the structures with aesthetic finishing touches.

This was brief on gypsum uses in our daily life. To know more about the uses of gypsum download the BYJU’S – the learning app.

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