Mannitol - C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>14</sub>O<sub>6</sub>

What is Mannitol (C6H14O6)?

C6H14O6 is a type of sugar alcohol with chemical name Mannitol. It is diuretic and renal diagnostic aid which is related to sorbitol. It is also called D-mannitol, Osmitrol, or mannite. It is a naturally occurring alcohol found in vegetables and fruits. It is the most effective and safe medicine in the health system which is listed on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines. It is a prescribed drug used to reduce elevated pressure in the brain. Also, Since it is poorly absorbed by the intestine it is often used in diabetic food as a sweetener. It is widely used as a research tool in cell biological studies, to control osmolarity. It appears as crystalline solid white in color or free-flowing granules. It is odourless and has a sweet taste. It has a flashpoint greater than 300° F. When decomposed it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

Properties of Mannitol – C6H14O6

C6H14O6 Mannitol
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 182.172 g/mol
Density 1.489 at 68° F
Boiling Point 563° F at 3.5 mm Hg
Melting Point 331 to 334° F

Mannitol structure (C6H14O6 Structure)

Mannitol - C6H14O6

Mannitol (C6H14O6 ) Uses

  • It is used in cyanide poisoning as an antidote.
  • It is used to measure extracellular body fluid as well as to measure the renal glomerular filtration rate.
  • Used as treatment of calciphylaxis in hemodialysis.
  • It is used during cardiopulmonary bypass.
  • It is used to decrease pressure in the eyes, such as in the case of glaucoma.

Learn more about the Structure, physical and chemical properties of Mannitol (C6H14O6) from the experts at BYJU’S.

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