Benzoyl Peroxide - C14H10O4

What is Benzoyl Peroxide?

Benzoyl Peroxide is an organic compound with a chemical formula C14H10O4. This compound is formed when benzoyl chloride, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium hydrochloride react. It is composed of two benzoyl groups joined by a peroxide group. It is an antibacterial ingredient and is popular in the treatment of acne. It is also known as “Acne Killing King”. It is also a powerful keratolytic and comedolytic agent. Benzoyl Peroxide is a co-product of chlorine production. It is a crystalline solid, colorless in nature and has a mild odor of benzaldehyde. This compound is water-insoluble but dissolves in ether and slightly soluble in ethanol. When in contact with skin, it breaks down to produce oxygen and benzoic acid. In its dry form, it can be very dangerous as it is known to explode spontaneously.

Properties of Benzoyl Peroxide – C14H10O4


Benzoyl Peroxide

Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass

242.23 g/mol


121°C – 123°

Melting Point

103 °C


benzoperoxide, dibenzoyl peroxide (DBPO)

Benzoyl Peroxide structure – C14H10O4

Benzoyl Peroxide structure

C14H10O4 Uses (Benzoyl Peroxide)

  • It is effective in treatment of acne
  • It is used in the the removal of dye stains or ink from vinyl dolls
  • It is used as a bleaching agent in cheese and bread
  • It is used in industries like plastic industry
  • It is used in whitening of tooth

Learn more about the Structure and properties of C14H10O4 from the experts at BYJU’S.

Practise This Question

CaCO3 does not dissolve in water, but in the presence of CO2  it dissolves to form X

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