Citric Acid Formula

Citric acid formula is given here both in chemical form and in molecular form. To recall about citric acid, it is a weak organic acid and occurs naturally in citrus fruits like lemons, limes, etc. It is a tribasic acid and occurs in two forms i.e. monohydrate or anhydrous (water-free).

Structural Formula of Citric Acid

Structural Formula of Citric Acid

Citric acid molecule has a planar structure and three carboxylic acid groups (COOH) and a hydroxyl group (OH). The chemical structure of citric acid is given as-

Chemical Formula of Citric Acid

Citric acid has six carbon atoms, eight hydrogen atoms, and seven oxygen atoms. The chemical or molecular formula of citric acid is given below along with its extended form is given in the table below.

Molecular or Chemical Formula of Citric Acid C6H8O7
Extended Formula of Citric Acid CH2COOH – COHCOOH-CH2 COOH

Citric acid has several health benefits and it improves kidney health, removes acne, etc. It is also used for cleaning and to remove dead skin. Check out all the important uses of citric acid here and understand how important citric acid is.

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Practise This Question

For a reaction at 25C enthalpy change (H) and entropy change (S) are -11.7 K J mol1 and -105 J mol1 K1, respectively. It is a spontaneous reaction