Sodium hypochlorite - Bleach

What is Sodium hypochlorite?

Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaClO. It is also known as liquid bleach. It consists of hypochlorite anion and sodium cation. It usually appears as a pale greenish yellow dilute solution. It is an anhydrous unstable compound which can decompose explosively. It has a sweetish and chlorine-like odor. It is widely used as a cleaning agent or disinfectant and bleaching agent. It is a widely used household chemical. It also has deodorizing property.

Properties of Sodium hypochlorite – NaClO

NaClO Sodium hypochlorite
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 74.44 g/mol
Density 1.11 g/cm³
Boiling Point 101 °C
Melting Point 18 °C

Sodium hypochlorite structure – Bleach

Sodium hypochlorite structure

NaClO Uses (Sodium hypochlorite)

  • It is used as a key ingredient in laundry bleach
  • It is used as a bleaching agent
  • It is used in textile industries
  • It is used as an oxidizing agent
  • It is used in detergent industries
  • It is used in the refining of petroleum products
  • It is used in paper industries
  • It is used in wastewater treatment
  • It is used as a disinfectant
  • It is used in food processing to sanitize the food preparation equipment
  • It is used in swimming pools to keep the infectious agents at bay

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Learn more about the properties, production and the structure of NaClO from the expert faculties at BYJU’S.

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