What is Sodium hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaClO. It is also known as liquid bleach. It consists of hypochlorite anion and sodium cation. It usually appears as a pale greenish yellow dilute solution. It is an anhydrous unstable compound which can decompose explosively. It has a sweetish and chlorine-like odor. It is widely used as a cleaning agent or disinfectant and bleaching agent. It is a widely used household chemical. It also has deodorizing property.
Properties of Sodium hypochlorite – NaClO
|Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass||74.44 g/mol|
|Boiling Point||101 °C|
|Melting Point||18 °C|
Sodium hypochlorite structure – Bleach
NaClO Uses (Sodium hypochlorite)
- It is used as a key ingredient in laundry bleach
- It is used as a bleaching agent
- It is used in textile industries
- It is used as an oxidizing agent
- It is used in detergent industries
- It is used in the refining of petroleum products
- It is used in paper industries
- It is used in wastewater treatment
- It is used as a disinfectant
- It is used in food processing to sanitize the food preparation equipment
- It is used in swimming pools to keep the infectious agents at bay
Learn more about the properties, production and the structure of NaClO from the expert faculties at BYJU’S.