Natural Resources PDF

Our planet is made of natural components. The natural components in the environment are called natural resources. These resources are the basis of life on earth and can be consumed directly or indirectly.


The resources found in the natural environment, that are developed without the intervention of humans are called natural resources. Air, sunlight, water, soil, stone, plants, animals and fossil fuels are the examples.

What are the different types?

Based on the availability are two types of natural resources:

  • Renewable – Resources that are available in infinite quantity and can be used repeatedly are called renewable resources. Example: Forest, wind, water etc.
  • Non Renewable- There are resources that are limited in nature due to non renewal property and will extinct in the future are called non-renewable resources. Some of the examples include : Fossil fuels, minerals etc.

Difference between Renewable and Non-renewable resources:

Renewable resource

Non-renewable resource

It can be renewed as it is available in infinite quantity

Once completely consumed,

it cannot be renewed due to limited stock

Sustainable by nature

Exhaustible by nature

Low cost and environment friendly

High cost and less environment friendly

Biodegradable and infinite in nature

Minerals and man made products

Top 5 natural resources are:

  1. Air: Clean air is important for all the plants, animals, humans to survive on this planet. So it is necessary to take measures to reduce air pollution.
  2. Water: 70% of earth is covered in water and only 2 % of that is fresh water.Initiative to educate and regulate the use of water should be taken.
  3. Soil: Soil is composed of various particles and nutrients. It helps plants grow
  4. Iron: It is made from silica and is used to build strong weapons, transportation and buildings
  5. Forests: As the population increases, the demand for housing and construction projects also increases. Forests provide clean air and preserve the ecology of the world

To learn more download the Natural resources pdf

Natural Resources PDF

Practise This Question

The P-P-P bond angle in the tetra-atomic P4  molecule is 107 degrees - True or False?