Antifertility Drugs - Its Uses and Effects

The development of antibiotics has greatly contributed to the long and healthy lives humans enjoy today. This has further increased the expectancy of life. The rise in population has caused many issues in terms of food resources, employment, environmental problems etc. To avoid these problems the population growth needs to be controlled. These problems have led to the evolution of the concept of family planning.

Family planning helps in taking the right decision about the timing to have a child and maintain a proper age difference between two children. It gives the methods to avoid pregnancy and helps in controlling the population and avoiding health risks associated with premature births. Birth control pills were invented as one of the components of family planning.

What is Antifertility Drug?

Antifertility drugs are chemical substances which suppress the action of hormones that promote pregnancy. These drugs actually reduce the chances of pregnancy and act as protection. Antifertility drugs are made up of derivatives of synthetic progesterone or a combination of derivatives of estrogen and progesterone.

Antifertility drugs are actually synthetic hormones. When progesterone pills are taken, the mucus in the cervix gets thickened. This makes it very difficult for sperm to enter the uterus and fertilize the egg and hence chances of pregnancy are reduced. Progesterone is a hormone which suppresses ovulation in women. The synthetic progesterone derivatives are more potent as compared to natural progesterone. Norethindrone is an example of synthetic progesterone which is one of the most commonly used antifertility drugs. Ethynylestradiol is a combination of derivatives of estrogen and progesterone.

Benefits of Antifertility Drugs

These drugs generally do not have many side effects, weight gain is the only issue known to be reported. These drugs are very useful if taken in the proper dose, the following are its significant benefits:

  1. They cause no interference in sexual activities and the risk of pregnancy is reduced.
  2. They might cause a reduction in menstrual bleeding.
  3. They can be taken immediately after childbirth.

These drugs should not be taken without the consultation of a doctor. The cycle of medicine should be maintained. The chance of cancer in the uterus is reduced if the pills are taken in long-term dose. They also provide protection against pelvic inflammatory diseases. Progesterone acts as an anti-inflammatory drug and regulates the immune system.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are neurologically active drugs?

Tranquilizers and analgesics are medications which are used in neurology. This influence the process of transmitting message from nerve to receptor. Tranquilizers are a type of chemical agents used to relieve stress, and minor to moderate psychiatric disorders.

What are Antifertility drugs explain with example?

Antifertility Medications are used for birth control and population control. Essentially these drugs are a combination of synthetic oestrogen and progesterone compounds that are more potent than the natural hormones. And others: Mala D, Norethindrone, Novestrol.

What is the strongest tranquilizer?

Carfentanil is the world’s most effective synthetic opioid 10,000 times stronger than morphine, and law enforcement from northwest Canada to the east of the U.S. has sparked concerns over it tainting supplies of opium and even being marketed as narcotics.

What are drugs in chemistry?

In pharmacology, a drug is a chemical substance, usually of known form, which causes a biological effect when administered to a living organism. A prescription medication, also referred to as a pharmacy or pharmacy, is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, avoid or detect an illness or to encourage health.

Is aspirin effective in relieving pain?

Aspirin is used for fever relief and to alleviate mild to moderate discomfort from illnesses such as stomach aches, toothaches, common cold and headaches. It can also be used in diseases such as inflammation, to relieve discomfort and swelling. Aspirin is known as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and as salicylate.


We have seen the details of antifertility drugs, its composition, and benefits. For any further query on this topic kindly install BYJU’S the learning app and have a thoughtful journey of concepts.

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