What is Ionization?
Ionization of a compound refers to a process in which a neutral molecule splits into charged ions when exposed in a solution.
According to Arrhenius theory, acids are the compounds that dissociate in aqueous medium to generate hydrogen ions, \(H^+\)
Arrhenius theory plays an important role in explaining the ionization of acids and bases as mostly ionization takes place in aqueous medium. On the basis of degree of ionization of acids and bases, we can determine the strength of acids and bases. The degree of ionization differs for different acidic and basic compounds. Some acids such as perchloric acid (\(HClO_4\)
Hence, the degree of ionization of acids and bases depends on the degree of dissociation of compounds into their constituent ions. Strong acids and bases have high degree of ionization in comparison to weak acids and bases. Also, a strong acid implies good proton donor whereas strong base implies good proton acceptor. For example: dissociation of weak acid HA
\(HA ~(aq)~ + ~H_2O~ (l)~ ⇌~H_3O^+~(aq)~ + ~A^-~ (aq)\)
This reaction implies that acid dissociation equilibrium is dynamic in nature where transfer of proton can take place in both forward and backward direction. If \(HA\)
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