Zinc acetate - Zn(CH<sub>3</sub>COO)<sub>2</sub>(H<sub>2</sub>O)<sub>2</sub>

What is Zinc acetate?

Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2 is an acetate salt with a chemical name Zinc acetate. It is also called Zinc diacetate or Dicarbomethoxyzinc or Acetic acid, Zinc salt. It can be obtained by reacting zinc oxide (ZnO) with acetic acid. It is widely used as an emetic, astringent, and styptic.

Obtained in both in two forms viz anhydrous and dihydrate form. It is a white crystalline solid. It functions as an astringent. It is an acetate salt as well as a zinc molecular entity.

Properties of Zinc acetate – Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2

Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2 Zinc acetate
Molecular weight of Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2 219.50 g/mol (dihydrate)
Density of Zinc acetate 1.735 g/cm3 (dihydrate)
Melting point of Zinc acetate 237 °C (Decomposes)
Boiling point of Zinc acetate Decomposes

Zinc acetate structure – Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2

Zinc acetate structure

Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2 Uses (Zinc acetate)

  • Zinc acetate is used lozenges to treat the common cold.
  • Used in treating zinc deficiencies.
  • Used to treat Wilson’s disease.
  • Used in the manufacturing of polymers.
  • Used as a dye mordant.
  • Used as a plating inhibitor in power plants.
  • Used as a waterproofing agent.
  • Used as a dental cement for temporary fillings.
  • Used as an indirect food additive.

Production of Zinc acetate

  • Anhydrous Zinc acetate is produced by reacting zinc nitrate (Zn(NO₃)₂) and acetic anhydride.
  • Action of acetic acid (CH3COOH) on zinc oxide (ZnO).

Health hazards

Inhaling Zinc diacetate may cause mild irritation in throat and nose which leads to sneezing and coughing. Swallowing causes corrosion or irritation of the alimentary tract which results in vomiting. It is a non flammable compound.

Learn more about the Structure, physical and chemical properties of Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2 from the experts at BYJU’S.

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