Cyanides are chemical compounds which are fast acting poisons with a chemical formula CN−. It consists of one nitrogen atom and carbon atom connected to each other with a triple bond. It is also known as Cyanide anion or nitrile anion Cyanide ions. Certain algae, fungi, and bacteria can produce cyanide. It is also found in vehicle exhaust, spinach, almonds, tapioca, etc. At room temperature, hydrogen cyanide appears as a colorless or pale blue liquid and at a higher temperature, it is a colorless gas and smells like bitter almond. Some cyanide such as potassium cyanide and Sodium cyanide is in white powder form and smell like bitter almond. Cyanide-containing compounds and cyanide are used in plastics, drug and dye companies, photo developing, etc. Cyanide is created by some industrial process such as wastewater treatment, steel production, etc.
Properties of Cyanide – CN−
|Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass||26.02 g·mol−1|
Cyanide structure – CN−
CN− Uses (Cyanide)
- It is used in the mining of gold
- It is used to stabilize electron ions during electroplating
- Cyanide compound such as sodium nitroprusside is used in clinical chemistry
- Illegally it is used to capture fish for sea market or aquarium
- It is used in the making of jewelry
- It is used in the mining of silver
- Sodium nitroprusside is used to measure urine ketone bodies
- It is used as a pest control in countries like New Zealand
- It is used to increase the germination of plants
- It is used as a food additive in the food industry
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